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Vehicular emission impacts on the population at the city of São Paulo

Grant number: 16/14501-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2016
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Acordo de Cooperação: ESRC, UKRI ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Principal Investigator:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Grantee:Veronika Sassen Brand
Host Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/50128-9 - Astrid - accessibility, social justice and transport emission impacts of transit-oriented development strategies, AP.TEM


The growth and prosperity of cities and urban areas is propelled by advantages of agglomeration. These advantages however are not equally experienced by all members of the population, moreover the distribution is often not socially justified, as the groups that benefit from the higher density and better connections are not the same who experience the burdens such as congestion and poor air quality. This is a globally recurring issue, despite considerable differences between urban areas worldwide in terms of economic context, spatial planning and infrastructure provision. This research, within the call's theme of social justice and the policy domain of infrastructure and built environment, will investigate physical and socio-economic processes that underlie the uneven distribution of urban outcomes. An international comparison of metropolitan areas in the UK, Netherlands and Brazil will take place to both identify universal drivers towards unjust outcomes. In particular, the project will investigate the specific urban planning strategy of transit-oriented development (TOD) and its potential for delivering more equitable outcomes. This will be achieved throughan international survey into job accessibility, population preferences and affordability in relation totransport and housing options; a dedicated measuring campaign targeting in-vehicle exposure to transport pollutants and advanced statistical and geographical information analysis. There are currently ambitious plans for TOD in São Paulo and the project will engage with stakeholders to target actual issues and allow the research to have a direct impact on social justice in São Paulo. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
KUMAR, PRASHANT; HAMA, SARKAWT; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; ABBASS, RANA ALAA; BRAND, VERONIKA S.; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; ASFAW, ARAYA; AZIZ, KOSAR HAMA; CAO, SHI-JIE; EL-GENDY, AHMED; et al. In-car particulate matter exposure across ten global cities. Science of The Total Environment, v. 750, . (16/14501-0, 16/18438-0)
KUMAR, PRASHANT; HAMA, SARKAWT; ABBASS, RANA ALAA; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; BRAND, VERONIKA S.; WU, HUAI-WEN; ABULUDE, FRANCIS OLAWALE; ADELODUN, ADEDEJI A.; ANAND, PARTIBHA; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; et al. In-kitchen aerosol exposure in twelve cities across the globe. Environment International, v. 162, p. 27-pg., . (16/18438-0, 20/08505-8, 16/14501-0)

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