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Mesoscale convective systems over the Amazon basin: present climate and future climate change scenarios

Grant number: 16/10557-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 28, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Principal Investigator:Tercio Ambrizzi
Grantee:Amanda Rehbein
Host Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):18/17134-3 - Mesoscale convective systems simulations over the Amazon basin using a High-resolution climate model, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

Much of the precipitation around the globe is caused by mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). According to scientific literature, these systems are a major rainfall generating mechanisms over the Amazon Basin. Climate predictions and studies conducted until the moment show that climate change is imminent and accelerated by anthropogenic action. In this case, prevention and mitigation measures to minimize or try to avoid most of the consequences of climate change depend on knowledge of the behavior of variables such as temperature and rainfall. Thus, it is important to question how will the MCSs occur and behave over the Amazon basin in climate change scenarios? Will these systems suffer an increase, decrease or remain approximately constant? Will their intensity increase, decrease or be the same observed in the present? Currently the methods of detection and tracking the MCSs are dependent on satellite images in different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. Although these screening methods have proven satisfactory in most cases, use them to predict the occurrence of MCSs in climate change scenario is impossible due to lack of satellite images in the future. Therefore, a method for detection MCSs using precipitation data from climate models, with high spatial and temporal resolution, is proposed and, thus, be used as a tool to answer the scientific questions mentioned above.

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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
REHBEIN, AMANDA; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO; MECHOSO, CARLOS R.; ESPINOSA, I, SERGIO A.; MYERS, TIMOTHY A.. Mesoscale convective systems over the Amazon basin: The GoAmazon2014/5 program. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 39, n. 15, p. 5599-5618, . (16/10557-0, 14/50848-9)
REHBEIN, AMANDA; RUGNA, MARTIN; PAULA HOBOUCHIAN, M.; DEL MORAL, ANNA; GOODMAN, STEVEN J.; LINDSEY, DANIEL T.; THOMAS, JANEL. A Workshop on the Next- Generation Environmental Satellite Constellations. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, v. 101, n. 6, p. 8-pg., . (16/10557-0)
REHBEIN, AMANDA; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO; MECHOSO, CARLOS ROBERTO. Mesoscale convective systems over the Amazon basin. Part I: climatological aspects. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 38, n. 1, p. 215-229, . (16/10557-0, 13/50521-7)
REBOITA, MICHELLE SIMOES; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO; CRESPO, NATALIA MACHADO; DUTRA, LIVIA MARCIA MOSSO; FERREIRA, GLAUBER WILLIAN DE S.; REHBEIN, AMANDA; DRUMOND, ANITA; DA ROCHA, ROSMERI PORFIRIO; SOUZA, CHRISTIE ANDRE DE. Impacts of teleconnection patterns on South America climate. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v. 1504, n. 1, SI, p. 116-153, . (16/10557-0)
REHBEIN, AMANDA; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO. Mesoscale convective systems over the Amazon basin in a changing climate under global warming. Climate Dynamics, v. N/A, p. 13-pg., . (16/10557-0, 14/50848-9, 17/09659-6)
IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; MENDES DA SILVA, GYRLENE APARECIDA; REHBEIN, AMANDA; VARA-VELA, ANGEL; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS. Atmospheric effects of air pollution during dry and wet periods in Sao Paulo. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-ATMOSPHERES, v. 2, n. 2, p. 15-pg., . (16/10557-0, 21/07992-5, 16/18438-0, 21/07136-1, 15/03804-9)
REHBEIN, AMANDA; AMBRIZZI, TERCIO. ENSO teleconnections pathways in South America. Climate Dynamics, v. N/A, p. 16-pg., . (16/10557-0, 14/50848-9, 21/07992-5, 17/09659-6)
IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; REHBEIN, AMANDA; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; MARTINS, LEILA; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; LANDULFO, EDUARDO. Changes in a Bottom-Up Vehicular Emissions Inventory and Its Impact on Air Pollution During COVID-19 Lockdown in Sao Paulo, Brazil. FRONTIERS IN SUSTAINABLE CITIES, v. 4, p. 12-pg., . (15/03804-9, 21/07136-1, 16/18438-0, 16/10557-0, 21/07992-5)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
REHBEIN, Amanda. Mesoscale convective systems in the Amazon basin: present climate and future projec- tions in climate change scenarios. 2021. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto Astronômico e Geofísico (IAG/SBD) São Paulo.

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