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Cooperation between supramolecular chemistry and emulsion in the synthesis of delaminated lamellar catalysts

Grant number: 16/01590-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2016
Effective date (End): January 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering - Chemical Technology
Principal researcher:Leandro Martins
Grantee:Mariana Veiga Rodrigues
Supervisor abroad: Carsten Sievers
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil
Research place: Georgia Institute of Technology, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:14/12942-3 - Cooperation between supramolecular chemistry and emulsion in the synthesis of delaminated lamelar catalysts, BP.DR


The glycerol conversion into acrolein using zeolites still faces several challenges and their overcoming depends on the full understanding of the physical and chemical characteristics of the catalytic system. The main tasks to be cooperatively explored by us with Prof. Sievers Research group are: (1) The micropores of the zeolites impose diffusional constraints for glycerol to reach the active sites and, therefore, hierarchical zeolites seem to be an option for improving catalytic performance. (2) The Brønsted acid sites of the zeolites lead not only to the formation of acrolein, but also to coked molecules of polyaromatics and polyethers; a chance to interfere in coke formation is to deal with acid sites densities (we have evidences that coke is prone to formation in neighboring acid sites). (3) Strong Brønsted acid sites also lead to coke and consequently catalyst deactivation. (4) The hierarchical structure of the zeolite is beneficial in preventing coke as blocking of pores. We have evidence that the synthesis procedure we mentioned in the original proposal, based on organosilanes and emulsion as structure directing agents, is a worthy approach to obtain well-defined materials to perform the four tasks mentioned. In conclusion, to correlate them we need complete physical and chemical characterization of the catalysts and to gain knowledge of the catalyst performance. More particularly, we need to elucidate the relevant surface chemistry, which will be done by means of in-situ infrared spectroscopy under reaction conditions. Additionally, by means of this characterization technique we can also obtain information regarding the surface acidity, the character of the acid sites (Brønsted or Lewis type) and how these sites interfere in the zeolites performance and coke formation.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RODRIGUES, MARIANA V.; OKOLIE, CHUKWUEMEKA; SIEVERS, CARSTEN; MARTINS, LEANDRO. Organosilane-Assisted Synthesis of Hierarchical MCM-22 Zeolites for Condensation of Glycerol into Bulky Products. Crystal Growth & Design, v. 19, n. 1, p. 231-241, . (14/12942-3, 16/10597-2, 16/01590-4)
VAN CLEVE, TIM; UNDERHILL, DEVON; RODRIGUES, MARIANA VEIGA; SIEVERS, CARSTEN; WILL MEDLIN, J.. Enhanced Hydrothermal Stability of gamma-Al2O3 Catalyst Supports with Alkyl Phosphonate Coatings. Langmuir, v. 34, n. 12, p. 3619-3625, . (16/01590-4)

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