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Placental narrative: voice and focus of the narrator Benjamin in the Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner

Grant number: 16/07090-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2016
Effective date (End): December 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Literature Theory
Principal Investigator:Paulo César Andrade da Silva
Grantee:Claudimar Pereira da Silva
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil


This project aims to construct an analysis of the narrator Benjamin, from the novel The Sound and the Fury, by William Faulkner. Departing from Gérard Genette's theoretical statements such as the concepts of focus and voice, we intend to investigate the first part of the novel, concerning the stream-of-consciousness of the character Benjamin, a narrative voice which is considered one of the most singular and complex of all time. We aim to comprehend how the mechanism of voice and focus contribute to construct the narrative syntax of Benjamin and to his configuration, as a character in the novel. In this direction, we propose a poetic classification to the discourse of the narrator Benjamin as placental or amniotic, that is, constituted by a primary, basic and fragmented way of narration.

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