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Crop yield and the rainfall variability recent impacts in Ohio (USA) and Madhya Pradesh (India) soybean areas (1998 - 2013)

Grant number: 15/18063-4
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2016
Effective date (End): August 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Physical Geography
Principal researcher:João Lima Sant'Anna Neto
Grantee:Vinicius Carmello
Supervisor abroad: Scott Christopher Sheridan
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil
Research place: Kent State University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:14/01071-1 - The rainfall variability and the social-environmental vulnerability of soybeans territory in Brazil, India and USA, from the food security perspective, BP.DR

Abstract

Changes in the global production of major crops are important drivers of food prices, food security and land use decisions (LOBELL; FIELD, 2007). The project is based on the fact that while climate has a strong influence on agricultural soybean productivity, it is mediated by organizational capacity and availability of technology, and thus the different soybean global territories, located in different climatic and agricultural contexts, are subject to different levels of agricultural vulnerability. As approved in the regular research project in Brazil (Process: 2014 / 01071-1) we intend to conduct the research period at Kent State University to conduct the analyses proposed for the United States and India. The aim is the analysis of climate (regional atmospheric patterns), rainfall variability, and soybean yield in producing counties in Ohio and Madhya Pradesh states, 1998 - 2013. Based on a comparative study, and supported by climatological analyses involving statistics, mapping techniques and the SPATIAL SYNOPTIC CLASSIFICATION, the intention is to continue the ongoing research in Brazil, but within the context of the soybean producing regions in the US and India, in the Northern Hemisphere.

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