The Salmonella/microsome assay also known as Ames test has been widely used in the evaluation of mutagenicity of chemicals and environmental samples. The traditional assay format Salmonella/microsome consists in counting the number of colonies that have undergone reversion mutation in petri dishes after exposure to test sample. Miniaturization of toxicological tests has been a tendency in compliance with the concept of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement). Different attempts to miniaturize the Ames test were both developed in solid media and in liquid medium. In the environmental area the version of the test in microsuspension (Kado test) has been widely used to use less sample than conventional testing. But this test the amount of means of employee culture has not changed leading to the use of large amounts of inputs. Therefore, the work proposed here aims to miniaturization of Kado test based on a recent Protocol proposed the miniaturization of the Salmonella/microsome conventional test. This technique replaces the conventional petri plates for microplate 24 holes. To validate the method pure compounds are tested at three different strains having different rates of spontaneous reversions and the results are compared with the test Kado occur simultaneously. Different experimental conditions will be evaluated and the results will be statistically analyzed. It is expected to obtain a protocol that provides comparable results with the test Kado, with a reduction of 20 times as much sample volume as the volume of culture media, and other inputs used in the assay.
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