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Effects of fire on germination and growth of campo sujo leguminous field seedlings

Grant number: 15/11176-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2015
Effective date (End): June 30, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Grantee:Jessika da Silva Nunes
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/06743-0 - How does fire season affect Cerrado vegetation?, AP.JP


Fire is an important ecological factor, being present in Cerrado for million of years. The effect of fire on the germination of native species in Cerrado vegetation is not well-studied and it is hypothesized that flammable ecosystems will have species influenced by fire on their germination, related to the exposure to high temperatures (break of dormancy, resistance to high temperatures) and smoke (stimulation to germination). We also hypothesize that growth rate, allocation of biomass of seedlings and seed traits will be influenced by fire. Therefore, we aim to evaluate seed and seedling traits of legume species in campo sujo of Cerrado. We will measure the following seed traits: seed shape, seed mass (mg), water content (%), permeability (%) and resistance to high temperatures (100 and 200ºC). These traits will be incorporated in the Cerrado Seed Trait Database. Three species of legumes will be chosen (different growth forms) to produce seedlings and the following measures will be carried out: a) plant height (cm), b) length of the belowground organ (cm), c) dry weight of aerial and belowground parts (mg). The results will contribute to a better understanding of the fire effects on vegetation and also provide information for restoration efforts of Cerrado degraded areas and the production of seedlings of native species.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FELIPE DAIBES, L.; PAUSAS, JULI G.; BONANI, NATHALIA; NUNES, JESSIKA; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire and legume germination in a tropical savanna: ecological and historical factors. ANNALS OF BOTANY, v. 123, n. 7, p. 1219-1229, . (15/06743-0, 15/11176-8)

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