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Evaluation of postoperative pain in cats undergoing minimally invasive and traditional ovariohysterectomy

Grant number: 14/20331-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2015
Effective date (End): December 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine - Animal Clinics and Surgery
Principal researcher:Bruno Watanabe Minto
Grantee:Mareliza Possa de Menezes
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The overpopulation of dogs and cats, half or not domiciled, is a serious public problem of welfare for the health of humans and others animals as to generate some disorders, like the transmission of diseases, injuries and traffic accidents. Surgical contraception is currently the most effective population control in these animals and, in addition, prevents the development of certain diseases that are associated with the use of contraceptive drugs. Furthermore, forewarn the progress of tumors influenced by reproductive hormones, controls reproductive tract diseases, assists in the stabilization of systemic diseases, prevents the transmission of venereal diseases and bypasses behavioral abnormalities. The ovariosalpingohisterectomy (OSH) is the main technique for surgical sterilization in small animals, and increasing the search for less expensive procedures and reduce surgery time and patient recovery, aimed at animal welfare and the realization of a greater number surgery in a shorter period. All surgical trauma induces some degree of pain, depending on your location and the degree of invasion. Stressful and painful situations can alter the secretion of pituitary hormones, leading to complications and hindering the recovery of the patient, it is imperative to reducing pain for the reduction of postoperative complications and wellness. In this sense, this research project proposes to review the feasibility and practicality of non-laparoscopic and minimally invasive technique for OSH ("hook technique") with respect to the time of surgery and evaluation of trans and postoperative pain compared to conventional technique of OSH in cats. The overpopulation of dogs and cats, half or not domiciled, is a serious public problem of welfare for the health of humans and others animals as to generate some disorders, like the transmission of diseases, injuries and traffic accidents. Surgical contraception is currently the most effective population control in these animals and, in addition, prevents the development of certain diseases that are associated with the use of contraceptive drugs. Furthermore, forewarn the progress of tumors influenced by reproductive hormones, controls reproductive tract diseases, assists in the stabilization of systemic diseases, prevents the transmission of venereal diseases and bypasses behavioral abnormalities. The ovariosalpingohisterectomy (OSH) is the main technique for surgical sterilization in small animals, and increasing the search for less expensive procedures and reduce surgery time and patient recovery, aimed at animal welfare and the realization of a greater number surgery in a shorter period. All surgical trauma induces some degree of pain, depending on your location and the degree of invasion. Stressful and painful situations can alter the secretion of pituitary hormones, leading to complications and hindering the recovery of the patient, it is imperative to reducing pain for the reduction of postoperative complications and wellness. In this sense, this research project proposes to review the feasibility and practicality of non-laparoscopic and minimally invasive technique for OSH ("hook technique") with respect to the time of surgery and evaluation of trans and postoperative pain compared to conventional technique of OSH in cats. (AU)

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