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Response of the deep tropical South Atlantic to changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: an isotopic approach

Grant number: 14/26482-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): February 18, 2015
Effective date (End): July 02, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Grantee:Maria Carolina Amorim Catunda
Supervisor: Stefan Mulitza
Host Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IGC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Bremen, Germany  
Associated to the scholarship:13/14599-1 - Response of the deep tropical South Atlantic to changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: an isotopic approach, BP.MS

Abstract

The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) plays a fundamental role in the oceanography and climate of the Atlantic realm. Atmosphere-ocean general circulation models have predicted a weakening in the AMOC strength for the coming decades. Conceptual and numerical models suggest that abrupt climate change in late Quaternary should produce marked changes in deep water mass geometry on the western South Atlantic. Nevertheless, the verification of this hypothesis wasn't possible so far due to the lack of adequate paleoceanographic records. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the response of the western South Atlantic to changes in AMOC is a key issue. Here, we will produce and use stable oxygen and carbon isotopic data from selected species of epibenthic foraminifera from a suite of three carefully selected sediment cores from the tropical western South Atlantic to: (i) reconstruct the western tropical South Atlantic deep water mass geometry since the Marine Isotope Stage 3, and (ii) verify the presence/absence of a relationship between deepwater mass geometry and changes in intensity of the AMOC on millennial timescales. (AU)

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