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Systematics and phylogeny of Maytenus Molina (Celastraceae) on the Neotropical Region

Grant number: 14/22093-3
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany - Plant Taxonomy
Principal researcher:Julio Antonio Lombardi
Grantee:Leonardo Biral dos Santos
Supervisor abroad: Mark P. Simmons
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Research place: Colorado State University, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:11/21879-5 - Systematics and phylogeny of Maytenus Molina (Celastraceae) in the Neotropical Region, BP.DR


Celastraceae has about 1000 species with global distribution and Maytenus is the main genus in Neotropic with ca. 140 species, in practically all vegetation types. The species are characterized by alternate leaves, instrastaminal disk, and capsular fruits opening by two or three valves. Maytenus presents low variability on reproductive characters and the identification is usually based on vegetative characters, such as the branches and the leaves. This project proposes the elaboration of a phylogenetic study using morphological and molecular data, from plastid (matK and trnl-F) and nuclear (ITS and 26S). The principal aim of this project is clarify the position and relationship of species within genus and with other genera, as Fraunhofera and Plenckia. These two genera appeared nested with Maytenus in preliminaries phylogenies, though any synapomorphies have been identified for the group as a whole. The phylogenetic analysis will also serve to propose a new infrageneric classification based on natural groups, since the other former proposed are clearly not monophyletic. The phylogeny obtained will permit to characterize natural groups, identify synopomorphies and resolve questions regarding "complex" of species, and taxonomic decisions will be taken from it. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BIRAL, LEONARDO; SMIDT, ERIC DE CAMARGO; BOLSON, MONICA; LOMBARDI, JULIO ANTONIO. A new species of Maytenus (Celastraceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, with evidence of molecular phylogeny, and two new synonyms for Maytenus floribunda. PHYTOTAXA, v. 231, n. 1, p. 53-62, . (14/22093-3, 11/21879-5)
BIRAL, LEONARDO; SIMMONS, MARK P.; SMIDT, ERIC C.; TEMBROCK, LUKE R.; BOLSON, MONICA; ARCHER, ROBERT H.; LOMBARDI, JULIO A.. Systematics of New World Maytenus (Celastraceae) and a New Delimitation of the Genus. SYSTEMATIC BOTANY, v. 42, n. 4, . (10/17400-3, 11/21879-5, 14/22093-3)

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