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Influence of Porphyromonas gingivalis exposure on the mesenchymal stem cell phenotype of cells isolated from human periodontal ligament

Grant number: 14/01827-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2014
Effective date (End): February 28, 2017
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Periodontology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Karina Gonzales Silvério Ruiz
Grantee:Mayra Laino Albiero
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (FOP). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The regeneration of periodontal support tissues lost due to inflammatory periodontal disease depends on the migration and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells from the remaining periodontal ligament (PDLMSCs), followed by subsequent differentiation into osteoblasts, cementoblasts and fibroblasts, and synthesis of extracellular matrix components. It has been suggested that the remaining periodontal structures, which were exposed to the chronic inflammatory process, have their ability to promote tissue regeneration compromised. One hypothesis is based on the fact that PDLMSCs undergo phenotypic changes due to the action of bacterial toxins and inflammatory cytokines, thus compromising, their biological properties. To test this hypothesis, PDLMSCs will be exposed to the total extract of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), and be evaluated for mesenchymal stem cell phenotype conservation, proliferative capacity and differentiation into osteoblastic/cementoblastic phenotype. Initially, three populations of PDLMSCs (CD105 + cells, CD34 + CD45-) will be exposed to different concentrations of the Pg extract (0, 100 ng, 1 ug, 10 ug, 20 ug/ml) and will be assessed for cell viability (MTS assay) and genes expression of IL1B, IL6 and TNFa (qRT-PCR) in order to determine a non-cytotoxic concentration and the one that induces a more significant pro-inflammatory response. Then, the PDLMSCs will be cultivated or not in the presence of bacterial extract and evaluated as: a) the expression of genes involved in the signaling pathway of Toll-like receptors (PCR array) b) expression of markers related to mesenchymal stem cell phenotype (STRO1, CD105 and CD166) and apoptosis/necrosis condition (markers Annexin V and propidium iodide) using the technique of flow cytometry c) cell plasticity determined by the ability of osteoblastic/cementoblastic differentiation by testing the mineral nodules formation (red staining alizarin) and gene expression of RUNX2, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin (OCN) through qRT-PCR. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALBIERO, MAYRA LAINO; STIPP, RAFAEL NOBREGA; SAITO, MIKI TAKETOMI; CASATI, MARCIO ZAFFALON; SALLUM, ENILSON ANTONIO; NOCITI, FRANCISCO HUMBERTO; SILVERIO, KARINA GONZALES. Viability and Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Periodontal Ligament Progenitor Cells Are Maintained After Incubation With Porphyromonas gingivalis Protein Extract. Journal of Periodontology, v. 88, n. 11, p. E188-E199, . (14/01827-9)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ALBIERO, Mayra Laino. Effect of inflammation on mesenchymal stem cell from periodontal tissues. 2017. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba Piracicaba, SP.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.