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Mingling in practice: sociability among users of integrative body practices in primary care

Grant number: 14/02197-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2014
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Sociology - Sociology of Health
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Nelson Filice de Barros
Grantee:Janaína Alves da Silveira Hallais
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (FCM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Bodily practices are being treated for various fields of knowledge, such as the health, physical education, social science, history, psychology and education, also with different meanings and senses. In Campinas, bodily practices were institutionalized in primary care alternatives for prevention and treatment of pains and diseases. Of a collective nature, these health activities comply with therapeutic purpose-whose purpose is the prevention of disease and the treatment of pain-but, also, provide meeting and interaction between practitioners. In 2006, the Health Department institutionalized the National Policy of Integrative and complementary Practices (PNPIC), as a way to include other medical rationalities in the Health System, potentializing the actions of health promotion in primary care. On the public network of Brazil, Integrative and Complementary Practices in Health (PICS) comprise the traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathy, anthroposophical medicine, the use of medicinal plants and herbal medicine and social thermalism/crenotherapy (BRASIL, 2006). Classified by the World Health Organization as Traditional Medicine (MT), the PICS are practices and knowledges that differ from the Western biomedical model in his therapeutic approach, taking as few principles to holistic vision under the individual, the search for energy balance, focus on health and not on disease and the transformation of the patient in health producer, giving it autonomy in the health-disease process-caution (SOUZA et al, 2012). The loyalty of the therapeutic relationship and the integration of human beings with the environment and society are some of the guidelines established by the PNPIC. Thus, it is possible to inquire the integrative body practices from the concepts socioantropologic of body and sociability. In these terms, you can inquire bodily practices alternatives in a perspective that embark on a reflection on the construction of new social arrangements. The body treatment - or moving - it's not just the health body, with their physiological responses and organic. In this sense, you can think a multiple dimension of the body, which is at the same time biological/material and social/cultural and anthropological approach to the corporal and practices the art of using the human body (MAUSS, 2003: 405). On this, it is pertinent to then open a reflection about the socializing dimension which encompasses these practices. (AU)

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