As the initial part of a major study that aims to understand the outspreads of the twenty century's second half Brazilian short story, this research intends to analyse the aspects, forms and representations of the following short stories "Uma vela para Dario" (1964), Dalton Trevisan, "Antes do baile verde" (1970), Lygia Fagundes Telles and "Feliz ano novo" (1975), Rubem Fonseca. Linked by the same turbulent, dictatorial, sociopolitical context, the three cases are gathered together to an aesthetic genre reconfiguration concern: a 60s and 70s urban neorealism. These short stories talk about relevant questions of the social issues and approach the violence and report them, furthermore, they also bet on standard narrative forms: linear time, well-pointed spaces and narrator apart from the action. Then, they go against the offensive of the modernists from the 1922 week for the realism directions, speaking more closely with the ways of the engaged literature from the 30s regionalism. However, they keep the urban fictional space construction initiated by Oswald and Mario de Andrade.
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