The bioconversion of lignocellulosic materials, particularly agro-industrial residues for ethanol production has increasingly attracted the attention of researchers as a source of renewable energy that can replace fossil fuels , reducing the environmental impact . Initially, many studies have been focused on the understanding and development of technologies for the bioconversion of cellulose. However, recent studies have shown that the economic sustainability of the use of lignocellulosic residues for biofuel production also depends on the development of technologies for bioconversion of hemicellulose, thus increasing the interest and efforts in this area. However, the hemicellulose has a much more complex structure than cellulose, and hence requires a much larger number of enzymes for hydrolysis. ±-L-arabinofuranosidases appear as essential enzymes to the total hydrolysis of hemicelluloses by increasing the release rate of xylose, the carbohydrate most abundant hemicellulose, and arabinose, the second most abundant carbohydrate found in the hemicellulose . Recent studies have shown that supplementation of commercial enzyme cocktails with ± -L - arabinofuranosidases resulted in greater efficiency in the hydrolysis of plant biomass (Delabona et al ., 2013) , highlighting the importance of these enzymes for biotechnologies related to biomass degradation. Thus, this project aims to study three ±-L-arabinofuranosidases belonging to family GH62 from the bacterium Sorangium cellulosum , which is considered an excellent producer of CAZymes (Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes). So far, there is no structural data available for members of GH62 family and therefore the molecular basis for the mechanism of catalysis and specificity remains obscure. Through a multidisciplinary approach involving biochemistry, enzyme kinetics, biophysics, site-directed mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography, we expect to contribute to the better understanding of this family of enzymes, at functional and structural point of view, and therefore the development of new technologies involving the hydrolysis of hemicellulose, which is of great interest to both academic and industrial domains.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
DOMINGUES, MARIANE NORONHA;
MOREIRA SOUZA, FLAVIO HENRIQUE;
VIEIRA, PLINIO SALMAZO;
BUENO DE MORAIS, MARIANA ABRAHAO;
ZANPHORLIN, LETICIA MARIA;
DOS SANTOS, CAMILA RAMOS;
SIQUEIRA PIROLLA, RENAN AUGUSTO;
HONORATO, RODRIGO VARGAS;
LOPES DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO SERGIO;
GOZZO, FABIO CESAR;
MURAKAMI, MARIO TYAGO.
Structural basis of exo--mannanase activity in the GH2 family.
Journal of Biological Chemistry,
AUG 31 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2.
Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: