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Comparative effect of 660 nm and 780 nm lasers on the expression and production of cytokines involved in muscle repair

Grant number: 13/23051-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): August 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal researcher:Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes
Grantee:Nadhia Helena Costa Souza
Home Institution: Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE). Campus Vergueiro. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The interactions between muscle and the macrophages that invade this tissue after the occurrence of injury are crucial to the repair process. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been widely used in clinical and experimental settings for the treatment of muscle injuries. However, little is known regarding the effects of laser irradiation on macrophages. The main objective of this project is to compare the effect of LLLT (red and infrared) on the gene expression and protein synthesis of 3 products (that may play an important role in the muscle repair process) of activated macrophages. The secondary objective is to evaluate the differentiation and fusion of myogenic precursor cells (C2C12) cultivated with macrophages supernatants. For this purpose, J774 macrophage cultures will be activated (inflammatory phenotype, M1) for 24h, washed and will receive 4 different laser irradiation parameters (660 and 780nm; 40 mW; 10J/cm2; 0,4J or 660 and 780 nm; 20mW; 5J/cm2; 0,2J). After the incubation period (24h), the gene expression of cytokines IL-6, TNF-± and IL-1² will be evaluated using quantitative PCR. The supernatant of the cultures from the different experimental groups (24h after irradiations) will be used to assess protein production from macrophages (ELISA) and also to treat myogenic precursor cells (C2C12) in order to analyze their differentiation and fusion. In each experimental situation, non-irradiated cells will serve as controls. Three independent experiments will be performed under each condition. For in vivo analysis, Wistar rats will be allocated into four groups: control (n=5); injury group (n=15); injury + red LLLT group (n=15); and injury + infrared LLLT group (n=15). After 2, 4, and 7 days, the animals will be sacrificed and the muscles will be removed and processed for immunohistochemistry. M1 (CD68 and CD80 labeling), macrophage profile will be identified and will be correlated with the different stages of the skeletal muscle repair process. The histological analysis will include total inflammatory cells, myonecrosis, blood vessels and immature muscle fibers. All results will be statistically analyzed.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANTOS FERNANDES, KRISTIANNE PORTA; COSTA SOUZA, NADHIA HELENA; MESQUITA-FERRARI, RAQUEL AGNELLI; TEIXEIRA DA SILVA, DANIELA DE FATIMA; ROCHA, LILIA ALVES; ALVES, AGNELO NEVES; SOUSA, KALINE DE BRITO; BUSSADORI, SANDRA KALIL; HAMBLIN, MICHAEL R.; NUNES, FABIO DAUMAS. Photobiomodulation with 660-nm and 780-nm laser on activated J774 macrophage-like cells: Effect on M1 inflammatory markers. JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY, v. 153, p. 344-351, . (11/14474-9, 13/23051-0)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.