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Standard and specific precautions to control the transmission of pathogens in primary health care

Grant number: 13/22559-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): March 03, 2014
Effective date (End): June 02, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing - Infectious Diseases Nursing
Principal researcher:Rosely Moralez de Figueiredo
Grantee:Rosely Moralez de Figueiredo
Host: Stephen Timmons
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Nottingham, University Park, England  


Adherence of health workers to standard precautions (PP) and specific precautions (PE) is essential to prevent the transmission of microorganisms. It is known that the adhesion to PP and PE is very low and that other factors, beyond knowledge, this may affect adherence. It is therefore necessary to develop new strategies with the potential to improve this membership, including, for example, social science approaches. This study aims to identify, together with the professional teams of primary health care (PHC), the needs of knowledge on subjects like PE and PP elements that may interfere in determining adherence to these measures. This is a qualitative study using focus group in order to identify the factors affecting adherence. Data will be analyzed with the principles of social theories as theoretical. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss the results obtained with Prof. Dr. Stephen Timmons, University of Nottingham, UK, social scientist studies on understanding the informal culture of health care organizations and how this can influence the behavior of the professional. Adherence practices precautions involve a complex process, which includes knowledge, awareness, social influence, attitudes, self-efficacy, intentions and behaviors (actions) control, maintenance and facilitation by the structures in which health professionals are inserted. Methods and strategies that enhance the interference of one or more components of this complex system can increase adherence to precautions. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CARDOSO MAROLDI, MICHELY APARECIDA; DA SILVA FELIX, ADRIANA MARIA; LIMA DIAS, ANA ANGELICA; KAWAGOE, JULIA YAEKO; PADOVEZE, MARIA CLARA; FERREIRA, SILVIA ALICE; ZEM-MASCARENHAS, SILVIA HELENA; TIMMONS, STEPHEN; FIGUEIREDO, ROSELY MORALEZ. Adherence to precautions for preventing the transmission of microorganisms in primary health care: a qualitative study. BMC NURSING, v. 16, SEP 11 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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