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ON THE THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF ELECTROLYTES: A CONTINUUM MODEL FOR MODERATELY DILUTED ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS

Grant number: 13/20872-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2014
Effective date (End): June 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Physical-Chemistry
Principal researcher:Adalberto Bono Maurizio Sacchi Bassi
Grantee:Martina Costa Reis
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In this project the thermodynamic properties of moderately diluted electrolyte solutionsare investigated by considering a continuum model. By studying the thermodynamic restrictionsimposed on the chemical potential of a constituent of the solution, the functional dependence of chemical potential will be associated with the ideal and non-ideal behavior of electrolyte solutions, emphasizing the influence of the solution mass gradient upon the intermolecular interactions. Moreover, a system of non-linear differential equations, previously obtained from balance and constitutive equations, will be solved by accounting an electrochemical experiment. In this experiment, two planar electrodes, mantained at a constant potential difference, are immersed in a stationary electrolyte solution with heatconduction, diffusion, and chemical reactions. Resolving this boundary value problem,explicit expressions for concentration, electric potential and temperature, as functions ofspace and time, will be deduced and compared with experimental data available in theliterature. The results obtained in this project will be useful for verifying the validity ofthe constitutive model proposed in Martina Costa Reis' PhD thesis, and also for the thermodynamicmodeling of bio and geological media, electrorheological fluids, and industrialprocesses.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
REIS, MARTINA COSTA; BRITO SOUSA, MARIA DE FATIMA; BERTRAN, CELSO APARECIDO; MAURIZIO SACCHI BASSI, ADALBERTO BONO. Non-equilibrium thermodynamic model for calcium carbonate supersaturated solutions of high salinity. JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL CHEMISTRY, v. 54, n. 1, p. 44-60, JAN 2016. Web of Science Citations: 0.
REIS, MARTINA COSTA; MAURIZIO SACCHI BASSI, ADALBERTO BONO. Application of variational methods in chemical thermodynamics: a study of the stability of chemical systems. JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL CHEMISTRY, v. 53, n. 6, p. 1380-1392, JUN 2015. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.