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Helminth parasites of amphibians from Hylidae and Microhylidae families at three Cerrado physiognomies

Grant number: 13/18927-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2013
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Parasitology - Helminthology of Parasites
Principal researcher:Luciano Alves dos Anjos
Grantee:Mariana Retuci Pontes
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The greatest biological diversity is concentrated in tropical regions, however the tropical biota of these areas are still relatively subsampled. Within the group of poorly sampled species are the helminths of amphibians, which represent a real "invisible zoo". Parasites are an important part of biodiversity in all ecosystems and contribute to the maintenance of local diversity of hosts and ecosystemic functions, as well as aspects of the natural history of their hosts. The greatest diversity of amphibian species is found in Brazil, but the fauna of parasites is known about 10% of the frog species. Thus, this project aims to assess the communities of parasites, and their parasitic parameters in amphibians from two families, Hylidae and Microhylidae, living in three Cerrado physiognomies (mata de galleria, Cerrado sensu stricto e floresta de transição), located in the Fazenda de Ensino Pesquisa e Extensão - FEPE, Selvíria municipality, state of Mato Grosso do Sul. By containing elements of semideciduous forest and cerrado sensu stricto will be assessed to what extent the transition area has greater richness and diversity of parasites associated with amphibians.

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