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Reconstitution of sea surface temperature and salinity in the equatorial Brazilian in Late Holocene: paleoclimate inferences

Grant number: 13/10676-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 15, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Geological Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Silvia Helena de Mello e Sousa
Grantee:Nancy Kazumi Taniguchi
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):13/26951-1 - Reconstruction of hydrographic properties at the sea surface in the Brazilian equatorial margin during the holocene, BE.EP.MS


The reconstruction of environmental conditions is important for the understanding of global climate variability and essential for providing forecasts of climate change. The sea surface temperature (SST) is the most important parameter for understanding the Earth's climate dynamics and usually used as contour parameter simulation models providing more accurate climate predictions. This project proposes to investigate the variations of surface hydrographic conditions (SST and salinity) and their possible relationships with changes of the terrigenous sediments supply to the continental slope in the Brazilian equatorial margin during the Late Holocene. The hypothesis of this work assumes the existence of a relationship between changes in surface hydrological parameters and variations in continental contribution arising from changes in the position of the intertropical convergence zone in the study area during the Late Holocene. For reconstitution of the hydrographic conditions of sea surface data will be use stable isotopes of _18O and elemental ratio Mg/Ca of planktonic foraminifera shells. In order to evaluate the contribution of the terrigenous sediments to the continental slope will be use sedimentological and geochemical data, such as grain size and concentration of elements (eg: Fe, Ti, Al, Si and Ca). This proposal is linked to the project "Response to sedimentantion of Amazon deforestation, land use and climate variability" (AMADEUS), in partnership with the University of Bremen, which aims to understand the relationship between changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and tropical precipitation on millennial scale. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CHIESSI, C. M.; MULITZA, S.; TANIGUCHI, N. K.; PRANGE, M.; CAMPOS, M. C.; HAEGGI, C.; SCHEFUSS, E.; PINHO, T. M. L.; FREDERICHS, T.; PORTILHO-RAMOS, R. C.; et al. Mid- to Late Holocene Contraction of the Intertropical Convergence Zone Over Northeastern South America. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 4, . (18/15123-4, 19/10642-6, 18/06790-7, 19/24349-9, 13/10676-1, 16/10242-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
TANIGUCHI, Nancy Kazumi. Paleoceanography reconstruction and paleoclimate inferences on Brazilian equatorial margin in Mid- and Late Holocene. 2015. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto Oceanográfico (IO/DIDC) São Paulo.

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