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Social inequality and income redistribution in Latin America

Grant number: 13/02954-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2013
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - State and Government
Principal researcher:Fernando de Magalhães Papaterra Limongi
Grantee:Diego Sanches Corrêa
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/08536-1 - Political institutions, executive-legislative relationship and government performance, AP.TEM


Latin American countries are among the most inegalitarian of the world, and their situation had been deteriorating up to the end of the XX century. Since the early 2000s, however, the level of social inequality has decreased as a direct consequence of redistributive policies implemented in most of them. Why did the level of social inequality decrease more during some presidential administrations than in others? The goal of this project is to answer this question focusing on institutional determinants, instead of estimating the effects of specific social programs. We know that the spread of conditional cash transfer programs, such as the Brazilian Bolsa Família, the expansion of social safety nets, and other redistributive policies explain the reduction of inequality in the region, but why do we observe so much temporal and cross-country variation in the amount invested in these programs? This project tests the hypothesis that in countries where the decision making process in legislatures is more centralized and the Executive has higher control over the legislative agenda, the government is better able to solve collective action problems and to respond to popular demands for income redistribution. In order to test it, this project compares Latin American countries with one another and the two democratic periods of Brazil.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DIEGO SANCHES CORRÊA. Cash Transfers and Mayoral Elections: The Case of Sao Paulo's Renda Mínima. Brazilian Political Science Review, v. 9, n. 2, p. 109-120, . (13/02954-1)

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