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Effects of aerobic physical training on bronchial epithelial cells and alveolar epithelial cells in a model of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary acute lung injury

Grant number: 12/24880-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2013
Effective date (End): June 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal Investigator:Rodolfo de Paula Vieira
Grantee:Marcela Anhesini Benetti
Host Institution: Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE). Campus Vergueiro. São Paulo , SP, Brazil


Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory syndrome presenting a high rate of mortality, and both inflammatory and structural pulmonary cells play a central role. In this way, epithelial cells (bronchial and alveolar) have an important role in the ALI pathophysiology. Regular aerobic training at low and moderate-intensity results in protective effects in models of intra-pulmonary experimental models of ALI. Recently was described that aerobic training modulates the expression of different inflammatory mediators, fibrotic mediators, and also oxidative stress through bronchial epithelial cells in an experimental model of asthma. Therefore, the present project aims to evaluate if the protective effects of aerobic training in a model of intra and extra-pulmonary ALI results, at least partially, of direct effects of aerobic training on bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells. Thus, 6 experimental groups will be studied: control, exercise, intra-pulmonary ALI, extra-pulmonary ALI, exercise + intra-pulmonary ALI, exercise + extra-pulmonary ALI. After five weeks of aerobic training, mice will receive an intra-tracheal instillation of LPS (intra-pulmonary ALI) or an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (extra-pulmonary ALI) and will be evaluated 24 hours after LPS administration. Total and differential cell count in Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), cytokines levels (IL-1beta, IL-6, KC, TNF-alpha, IL-10, and IL-1ra) in BAL, the number of neutrophils in the lung parenchyma will be evaluated. In another set of experiments, bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells will be isolated, and using the western blotting technique, the expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2, 4, 7, and 9 will be evaluated. The TLRs are directly linked to the detection and recognition of pathogens and when activated, they are responsible to coordinate or initiate the inflammatory response, aiming to protect the lungs against the pathogens. Then, the present study aims to evaluate the effects of aerobic training on the pulmonary inflammatory response induced by intra and extra-pulmonary administration of LPS, and also the effects of aerobic training on bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells, which present a central role in the development of ALI.(AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RIGONATO-OLIVEIRA, NICOLE CRISTINE; MACKENZIE, BREANNE; LACERDA BACHI, ANDRE LUIS; OLIVEIRA-JUNIOR, MANOEL CARNEIRO; SANTOS-DIAS, ALANA; RODRIGUES BRANDAO-RANGEL, MAYSA ALVES; DELLE, HUMBERTO; COSTA-GUIMARAES, TAMARA; DAMACENO-RODRIGUES, NILSA REGINA; DULLEY, LARISSA HILARIO; et al. Aerobic exercise inhibits acute lung injury: from mouse to human evidence Exercise reduced lung injury markers in mouse and in cells. EXERCISE IMMUNOLOGY REVIEW, v. 24, p. 48-56, . (12/25435-7, 12/15165-2, 14/23196-0, 12/24880-7)

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