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Unravel middle Eocene-Oligocene paleoclimate and paleoceanography using paleomagnetism

Grant number: 12/21212-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2013
Effective date (End): August 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Geological Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Luigi Jovane
Grantee:Daniel Rodelli
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


This project will apply magnetic methods on carbonate sediments to perform detailed paleoceanographic reconstructions for the middle Eocene-Oligocene interval. High-resolution environmental magnetism, and other sedimentological and geochemical (XRD and XRF) records will be obtained from several archives in different part of the world (Italy, Turkey, Brazil, Atlantic Ocean and Antarctica). A robust magneto-bio-chemostratigraphic reference curve will be established and the major paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic events will be characterized from local to global scale. It is expected to obtain an enhanced reconstruction of the middle Eocene-Oligocene climatic history and new insights on the mechanisms that drove the global climate during the transition from greenhouse to icehouse conditions (33.7 Ma) and passing through important long-lasting warming events, such the middle Eocene climatic Optimum (MECO; ~40 Ma). This project proposes to obtain and examine high-quality, continuous stratigraphic records of magnetic properties from targeted time intervals to better understand (1) how magnetic properties can infer paleoclimate changes, (2) how physical and biological systems responded to elevated and varying levels of pCO2, and (3) how ocean circulation and carbon cycle behaved during the climatic transitions. An integrated data-model approach will offer new insight into the onset, early evolution, and subsequent behavior of oceans and ice sheets in Antarctica in response to underlying tectonic changes, landscape evolution, orbital forcing, and varying levels of pCO2. Particular attention will be given to the link between tectonic and oceanographic changes; the link between orbital forcing, C-cycle, and climate; characterization of the rapid "hyperthermals"; and calibration of the Milankovitch orbital signal between isotopes and magnetic properties in sedimentary archives of a period when pCO2 was very similar to the atmosphere of the next century.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RODELLI, D.; JOVANE, L.; ROBERTS, A. P.; CYPRIANO, J.; ABREU, F.; LINS, U.. Fingerprints of partial oxidation of biogenic magnetite from cultivated and natural marine magnetotactic bacteria using synchrotron radiation. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY REPORTS, v. 10, n. 3, p. 337-343, . (11/22018-3, 12/21212-3)
RODELLI, D.; JOVANE, L.; OZCAN, E.; GIORGIONI, M.; COCCIONI, R.; FRONTALINI, F.; REGO, E. S.; BROGI, A.; CATANZARITI, R.; LESS, GY.; et al. High-resolution integrated magnetobiostratigraphy of a new middle Eocene section from the Neotethys (Elazig Basin, eastern Turkey). GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN, v. 130, n. 1-2, p. 193-207, . (11/22018-3, 12/21212-3, 12/15995-5)
ABREU, FERNANDA; CAROLINA, ANA; ARAUJO, V.; LEAO, PEDRO; SILVA, KAREN TAVARES; DE CARVALHO, FABIOLA MARQUES; CUNHA, OBERDAN DE LIMA; ALMEIDA, LUIZ GONZAGA; GEURINK, COREY; FARINA, MARCOS; et al. Culture-independent characterization of novel psychrophilic magnetotactic cocci from Antarctic marine sediments. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, v. 18, n. 12, p. 4426-4441, . (12/21212-3, 11/22018-3)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
RODELLI, Daniel. Paleoceanographic variations through the study of rock magnetic properties: biogenic magnetite as a new paleoenvironmental indicator. 2018. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto Oceanográfico (IO/DIDC) São Paulo.

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