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Ascertainment and analysis of olfactory maps in the brain

Grant number: 12/21786-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 03, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
Principal Investigator:Fabio Papes
Grantee:Vinicius Miessler de Andrade Carvalho
Host Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:09/00473-0 - Molecular biology of the olfactory system in mammals: study on the detection of odors and their neural representation in the brain, AP.JP
Associated scholarship(s):14/25594-3 - Optogenetic manipulation of olfactory circuits, BE.EP.DD


In most animals, the detection of chemical stimuli by the olfactory system and the subsequent activation of the associated neural networks may lead to behavioral outputs that are relevant to the survival of the individual and even the species, such as suckling in newborns, aggression, mating and fear. However, the neural mechanisms that underlie the modulation of olfactory dependent behaviors, especially those elicited by the vomeronasal organ (VNO) remain largely unknown. Little is known, for instance, about the expression profile of the vomeronasal receptors (VRs) in the vomeronasal sensory neurons (VSNs), about the interactions of VRs and their ligands and about how the brain interprets the information detected in the VNO. In this project, we intend to explore this last issue: how the detection of chemical stimuli leads to the generation of neural maps which represent internally the sensory information that occur in the external environment. Our main hypothesis, based on preliminary data, is that a specific group of nuclei in the limbic system represents the odors and pheromones detected by the VNO, where the activation of different receptors in the VSNs leads to distinct patterns of activation in these nuclei. Through the combination of histological and molecular approaches, we intend to describe and investigate these neural maps, and objectively test the hypothesis presented above. To better understand how stimuli detected in the VNO are represented in the brain, we will perform imunohistochemestry (IHC) against the neuronal activation marker c-Fos, in the brain of mice exposed to different types of stimuli. Finally, we intend to unravel the possible biological meaning of these brain maps, analyzing regions that receive projections from the nuclei activated after the detection of stimuli by the VNO, and by performing behavioral assays. The understanding of how chemical cues are represented and interpreted by the brain may prove important in understanding how the olfactory dependent behaviors are generated, including in humans. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE ANDRADE CARVALHO, VINICIUS MIESSLER; NAKAHARA, THIAGO SEIKE; PAPES, FABIO. Investigation of Activated Mouse Olfactory Sensory Neurons via Combined Immunostaining and in situ Hybridization. JOVE-JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS, v. N/A, n. 170, p. 16-pg., . (12/01689-0, 15/50371-0, 09/00473-0, 14/25594-3, 12/21786-0, 12/04026-1)
NAKAHARA, THIAGO S.; CAMARGO, ANTONIO P.; MAGALHAES, PEDRO H. M.; SOUZA, MATEUS A. A.; RIBEIRO, PEDRO G.; MARTINS-NETTO, PAULO H.; CARVALHO, VINICIUS M. A.; JOSE, JULIANA; PAPES, FABIO. Peripheral oxytocin injection modulates vomeronasal sensory activity and reduces pup-directed aggression in male mice. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 10, n. 1, . (16/05379-6, 15/50371-0, 13/03372-6, 12/21786-0, 16/03641-5, 12/04026-1, 17/01571-2)
NAKAHARA, THIAGO SEIKE; CARVALHO, VINICIUS MIESSLER DE ANDRADE; SOUZA, MATEUS AUGUSTO DE ANDRADE; TRINTINALIA, GUILHERME ZIEGLER; PAPES, FABIO. Detection of Activated Mouse Neurons with Temporal Resolution via Dual c-Fos Staining. STAR PROTOCOLS, v. 1, n. 3, p. 27-pg., . (12/01689-0, 13/03372-6, 15/50371-0, 09/00473-0, 14/25594-3, 12/21786-0, 12/04026-1)
DE ANDRADE CARVALHO, VINICIUS MIESSLER; NAKAHARA, THIAGO SEIKE; PAPES, FABIO. Investigation of Activated Mouse Olfactory Sensory Neurons via Combined Immunostaining and in situ Hybridization. JOVE-JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS, n. 170, . (12/04026-1, 12/21786-0, 12/01689-0, 14/25594-3, 09/00473-0, 15/50371-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CARVALHO, Vinicius Miessler de Andrade. Determinação e análise de mapas olfatórios no cérebro. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Biologia Campinas, SP.

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