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Literary representation and discourse: Christian dialogical tension in The Brothers Karamazov

Grant number: 12/22132-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2013
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Modern Foreign Literatures
Principal Investigator:Cláudia Maria Ceneviva Nigro
Grantee:Davi Silistino de Souza
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil


In the works of the Russian author Dostoevsky, polyphony (Bakhtin, 2010b), innovation at the time, was one of the main elements used by the writer, strongly present in the novel "The Brothers Karamazov", since there is a complex conflictive dialogue between the various characters, which is different because it carriers and advocates various ideologies. Based on the concepts of Apollonian and Dionysian from Friedrich Nietzsche (2007), we see that there are strong influences of these concepts in Dostoevsky's characters, so that, through their thoughts, actions and ideologies, we perceive an attempt to cover up and erase difficulties caused by a cruel environment in which they live. We observed in some characters of the novel under review, as Alieksiêi, that they are guided by a Christian ethical thinking, which, as Nietzsche also argues (2007), is surrounded by a huge oppressive fundamentalism, that aids in the formation of inequalities - the population should suffer and be exempt from any kind of pleasure. Thus, through an inter-relation between Appollinian and Dionysian, the characters are sustained on religion to live somehow satisfactorily. Given the above, we propose in this research to study religious ethical behavior displayed by the character Alieksiêi Fiódorovitch Karamazov and the dialogic tension resulted from his speeches interconnected with his family´s. (AU)

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