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Integrating life cycle assessment and input-output analysis for the assessment of ethanol production technologies in Brazil

Grant number: 12/23175-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2013
Effective date (End): September 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Antonio Maria Francisco Luiz Jose Bonomi
Grantee:Marcos Djun Barbosa Watanabe
Supervisor: W. Michael Griffin
Host Institution: Centro Nacional de Pesquisa em Energia e Materiais (CNPEM). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovações (Brasil). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:12/15359-1 - Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery, BP.PD


The Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery (VSB) is a novel framework under construction at the Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE) which integrates computer simulation platforms with economic, social and environmental evaluation tools to assess technical and sustainability indicators of different sugarcane biorefinery alternatives. Currently, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Input-Output Analysis (I-O) are methods used separately in the VSB; LCA is applied to provide environmental indicators of different sugarcane biorefinery alternatives whereas I-O is important to assess its economic impacts. This project aims at studying the integration of LCA and I-O methods to evaluate different ethanol production technologies according to the Environmental Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) approach, which allows expanding the boundaries of LCA studies to the country's economy without losing important information provided in the life cycle inventory. The host institution is the Green Design Institute (GDI) of Carnegie Mellon University whose researchers operationalized the EIO-LCA approach based on Wassily Leontief's method. Considering that GDI has published several research results on the topics of biofuel and ethanol production, the exchange of information on EIO-LCA will significantly contribute to the improvement of the Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
WATANABE, MARCOS D. B.; CHAGAS, MATEUS F.; CAVALETT, OTAVIO; GUILHOTO, JOAQUIM J. M.; GRIFFIN, W. MICHAEL; CUNHA, MARCELO P.; BONOMI, ANTONIO. Hybrid Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment of First- and Second-Generation Ethanol Production Technologies in Brazil. JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY, v. 20, n. 4, p. 764-774, . (10/17139-3, 12/15359-1, 12/23175-8)

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