According to the Third National Report on Human Rights, from 2002 to 2005, the incarceration rate in the country increased from 178.3 prisoners per 100 thousand inhabitants to 198.3 an increase of 9.2%. The situation of women in prison are a small portion of the prison population in the country, although their number has grown in recent years, since 2000, representing 5% and are now 12% of the prison population. Realizes that the rate of increasing incarceration of women from 2000 to 2006 was 135.37%, much higher than those of men that was 53.36%. The condition of incarceration for women has several implications that experienced by men, and troubling ignorance of the life situation of women prisoners. Note the almost total lack of official national data on the arrested woman. The objective of this research is to assess the health situation of arrested woman and the staff an Women's Penitentiary in Campinas / Sao Paulo. Like, undertake activities of health promotion and disease prevention among reeducandas and staff. It is cross-sectional study with interviews and blood collection capillary. Being such a situation that demands action of brief intervention in the PFC will be developed Action Research. These information providers will subsidize the promotion, prevention and care, to be developed in the PFC. The results support the managers of the PFC in their decision-making information based on scientific evidence.
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