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Phylogeny and systematics of the lizards genus Leposoma gr. parietale (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), based on morphological and molecular characters

Grant number: 12/10163-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): June 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal researcher:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Grantee:Sérgio Marques de Souza
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/50146-6 - Comparative phylogeography, phylogeny, paleoclimate modeling, and taxonomy of neotropical reptiles and amphibians, AP.BTA.TEM


Lizards of genus Leposoma are conspicuous components of herpetofauna from tropical forests of South and Central America. Currently two monophyletic species groups are recognized for Leposoma: the scincoides and parietale groups. Both are allopatric, with scincoides group associated with Brazilian Atlantic Forest and restrict to the east portion of South America and parietale group occurring in the forests of west South America and Central America, from Amazon to Costa Rica. The scincoides group was intensely studied in relation to it radiation, taxonomy and distribution; however, the same is not true for parietale group. Despite the recent description of new species, the last revision of parietale group occurred more than 60 years ago, and several species are absent in the only phylogeny available. Furthermore, recent studies found evidences that some nominal taxa are species complexes. The main goals of this study are review the systematic of Leposoma group parietale and propose a broader phylogenetic hypothesis, including all the nominal species, based on morphological and molecular characters. We also intend to describe possible new taxa and place others in synonymy, if this is the case. The results will clarify the radiation of Leposoma in the northern portion of South America and Central America, relating it with the geomorphological and palaeoenvironmental evolution of this region. (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRUNES, TULIANA O.; DA SILVA, ANDRE JUSTINO; MARQUES-SOUZA, SERGIO; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL T.; PELLEGRINO, KATIA C. M.. Not always young: The first vertebrate ancient origin of true parthenogenesis found in an Amazon leaf litter lizard with evidence of mitochondrial haplotypes surfing on the wave of a range expansion. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, v. 135, p. 105-122, . (03/10335-8, 12/10163-1, 16/03146-4, 13/50297-0)
KOK, PHILIPPE J. R.; BITTENBINDER, MATYAS A.; VAN DEN BERG, JORIS K.; MARQUES-SOUZA, SERGIO; SALES NUNES, PEDRO M.; LAKING, ALEXANDRA E.; TEIXEIRA, JR., MAURO; FOUQUET, ANTOINE; MEANS, D. BRUCE; MACCULLOCH, ROSS D.; et al. Integrative taxonomy of the gymnophthalmid lizard Neusticurus rudis Boulenger, 1900 identifies a new species in the eastern Pantepui region, north-eastern South America. Journal of Natural History, v. 52, n. 13-16, SI, p. 1029-1066, . (11/50146-6, 12/10163-1, 13/50297-0)
MACHADO PELLEGRINO, KATIA CRISTINA; BRUNES, TULIANA OLIVEIRA; SOUZA, SERGIO MARQUES; LAGUNA, MARCIA MARIA; SAUER AVILA-PIRES, TERESA CRISTINA; HOOGMOED, MARINUS STEVEN; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT. On the distinctiveness of Amapasaurus, its relationship with Loxopholis Cope 1869, and description of a new genus for L. guianensis and L. hoogmoedi (Gymnophthalmoidea/Ecpleopodini: Squamata). Zootaxa, v. 4441, n. 2, p. 332-346, . (12/10163-1, 03/10335-8, 11/50146-6, 13/50297-0, 16/03146-4)
MARQUES-SOUZA, SERGIO; MACHADO PELLEGRINO, KATIA C.; BRUNES, TULIANA OLIVEIRA; CARNAVAL, ANA CAROLINA; DAMASCENO, ROBERTA PACHECO; DE OLIVEIRA BORGES, MANOELA LIMA; GALLARDO, CARLOS CANDIA; RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT. Hidden in the DNA: How multiple historical processes and natural history traits shaped patterns of cryptic diversity in an Amazon leaf-litter lizard Loxopholis osvaldoi (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Journal of Biogeography, v. 47, n. 2, . (17/08357-6, 11/50146-6, 12/10163-1, 13/22477-3)
MARQUES-SOUZA, SERGIO; PRATES, IVAN; FOUQUET, ANTOINE; CAMACHO, AGUSTIN; KOK, PHILIPPE J. R.; NUNES, PEDRO M. S.; DAL VECHIO, FRANCISCO; RECODER, RENATO SOUSA; MEJIA, NATHALIA; TEIXEIRA JUNIOR, MAURO; et al. Reconquering the water: Evolution and systematics of South and Central American aquatic lizards (Gymnophthalmidae). ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA, v. 47, n. 3, p. 255-265, . (12/10163-1, 11/50146-6, 15/01300-3, 12/15754-8)
SOUZA, SERGIO MARQUES; PELLEGRINO, KATIA C. M.; SALES NUNES, PEDRO M.; TEIXEIRA JUNIOR, MAURO; GORDO, MARCELO; DE CARVALHO, VINICIUS T.; ALMEIDA, ALEXANDRE; DE OLIVEIRA, DEYLA PAULA; FRAZAO, LUCIANA; HRBEK, TOMAS; et al. On the Discovery of Bisexual Populations of the Parthenogenetic Lizard Leposoma percarinatum (Gymnophthalmidae), with Insights into the Origin of Parthenogenesis in Leposoma. South American Journal of Herpetology, v. 10, n. 2, p. 121-131, . (12/10163-1, 11/50146-6)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SOUZA, Sérgio Marques de. Molecules, morphology and geology: a multidisciplinar approach to understand the evolutionary history of Loxopholis (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) lizards in the north of South America. 2017. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências (IBIOC/SB) São Paulo.

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