Advanced search
Start date

Soil-plant transfer of heavy metals and assessment of risk to human health in crops in the state of São Paulo

Grant number: 12/03682-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Principal Investigator:Luís Reynaldo Ferracciú Alleoni
Grantee:Sabrina Novaes dos Santos-Araujo
Host Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):13/08579-8 - Soil-to-plant transfer of heavy metals and an assessment of human health risks in vegetable-producing areas of São Paulo state, BE.EP.DR


Concern about the presence and accumulation of heavy metals in soil and consequently in plants has been constant, due to the adverse effects they may cause to the environment and human health. One of the main routes of exposure to heavy metals in the majority of the population is through ingestion of food and there are few studies related to the concentrations of heavy metals in soils and plants of the humid tropics, especially in Brazil. The index most commonly used to estimate the accumulation of heavy metals in plants and the subsequent human exposure through consumption of vegetables is the bioconcentration factor (BCF), which is the ratio between the concentration of metals in edible parts of vegetables and the total concentration of metal in the soil. However, this index does not adequately describe the soil-plant transfer of metals. Thus, the use of relationships involving the main characteristics of the soils on which the availability to plants of heavy metals may explain the relationship between ground and plant. The state of São Paulo is the largest consumer market, besides being the largest and most diversified vegetable crop producers in Brazil. Thus, research is needed regarding the concentrations of heavy metals in soils and vegetables, for evaluation of their quality in relation to the limits established by law. Likewise, it is important to establish the critical limits of these elements in soils, using models of risk assessment to human health, based on results that represent the real condition of the soil of São Paulo. Our objectives are to evaluate: (i) characterize the soils and vegetables grown in areas olerículas the State of São Paulo and calculate the risk to human health by the consumption of such vegetables from these areas, (ii) evaluate soil-transfer dealings these metals plant, taking into account the physical, chemical and mineralogical soil, (iii) From the relations obtained empirically calculate the critical concentration of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn, using models of risk assessment.

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DOS SANTOS-ARAUJO, SABRINA N.; SWARTJES, FRANK A.; VERSLUIJS, KEES W.; MORENO, FABIO NETTO; ALLEONI, LUIS R. F.. Soil-plant transfer models for metals to improve soil screening value guidelines valid for Sao Paulo, Brazil. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, v. 189, n. 12, . (12/03682-2, 13/08579-8)
MAIONE, CAMILA; ARAUJO, ELOA MOURA; DOS SANTOS-ARAUJO, SABRINA NOVAES; FRIOL BOIM, ALEXYS GIORGIA; BARBOSA, ROMMEL MELGACO; FERRACCIU ALLEONI, LUIS REYNALDO. Determining the geographical origin of lettuce with data mining applied to micronutrients and soil properties. CIENTIA AGRICOL, v. 79, n. 1, p. 15-pg., . (12/03682-2, 15/19332-9, 15/25416-0)
DOS SANTOS-ARAUJO, SABRINA NOVAES; FERRACCIU ALLEONI, LUIS REYNALDO. Concentrations of potentially toxic elements in soils and vegetables from the macroregion of Sao Paulo, Brazil: availability for plant uptake. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, v. 188, n. 2, . (12/03682-2, 13/08579-8)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SANTOS-ARAUJO, Sabrina Novaes dos. Soil-to-plant transfer of heavy metals and an assessment of human health risks in vegetable-producing areas of São Paulo state. 2015. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC) Piracicaba.

Please report errors in scientific publications list using this form.