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Preparation and characterization of biocomposites based on sisal cellulose esters/cellulose: use of XPS and ToF-SIMS techniques for surface analysis

Grant number: 12/00813-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2012
Effective date (End): January 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Nonmetallic Materials
Principal Investigator:Elisabete Frollini
Grantee:Bruno Vinícius Manzolli Rodrigues
Supervisor: Pedro Edson Fardim
Host Institution: Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Åbo Akademi University, Finland  
Associated to the scholarship:10/00005-4 - Cellulose esters from homogeneous and heterogeneous media: optimization of parameters of synthesis and preparation of biocomposites based on cellulose esters and cellulose, BP.DD


Up to the present moment, syntheses of sisal cellulose esters were explored, as well as the preparation of films (reinforced or not with sisal cellulose) from these esters. These will be the starting materials for the study that will be developed, ie, films prepared from cellulose esters [different chain lengths and degree of substitution (DS)] solutions and biocomposites-type films prepared from mixed solutions based on esters plus sisal cellulose. The films will be characterized by techniques already under consideration, as DMTA (for evaluation of mechanical properties, in order to evaluate if the cellulose acts as a reinforcing agent) and SEM (for morphology evaluation). In addition, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS) will be used to characterize the films. Sisal cellulose beads and beads from its esters will be also prepared. Cellulose beads are spherical microparticles with a wide range of applications in various fields, such as drug delivery systems for controlled release, removal of heavy metal ions etc. These materials wil be characterized via SEM, XPS and ToF-SIMS. These two last techniques are powerful analysis tools, which provide sample depths on the order of 3-10 nm and 0.2-1 nm, respectively. The combination of these two techniques is therefore particularly appropriate: XPS technique providing semi-quantitative information on the surface elemental composition (including the inter-elements bonding) and ToF-SIMS providing a detailed surface chemical characterization. XPS and ToF-SIMS techniques will be helpful in understanding of the ester groups distribution on the surface of the films and beads, contributing to the comprehension of its dependence with the ester chain length, DS, presence of cellulose in the films, which should allow a correlation between these characteristics and other films properties, such as mechanical and barrier properties. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RODRIGUES, BRUNO V. M.; HEIKKILA, ELINA; FROLLINI, ELISABETE; FARDIM, PEDRO. Multi-technique surface characterization of bio-based films from sisal cellulose and its esters: a FE-SEM, mu-XPS and ToF-SIMS approach. Cellulose, v. 21, n. 3, p. 1289-1303, . (12/00813-9, 10/00005-4)

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