Through the term Passive-Reflexive Syncretism one can understand de insertion of a same morphological mark in reflexive, passive and anti-causative constructions. The phenomenon is considered to be very common within the languages and it has been approached by Generative Theory mainly in two different ways: on one hand, it is said that the syncretism is consequence of a common syntactical property shared by the contexts of insertion of the morpheme. On another, it is considered that, actually, te contexts in which the morpheme is inserted share the same semantical representation.From what it has been seen, both ways of approaching the phenomenon have important theoretical issues and their explanations cannot apply to so many languages as expected. Through the observation of the behaviour of a group of diverse languages concerning the passive-reflexive syncretism, it is possible to say that within Generative Theory, the mainstream theories approaching such syncretism fail by not having in account - among other factors - that of which the syncretical morpheme not always is provenient from the same paradigm within the languages, hence, nothing asures us that, within the languages, they are occupying the same grammatical function.This project presents an investigation proposal on the passive-reflexive syncretism based in the differences among languages in relation to it. Through a typologically oriented study of the behaviour differences of the syncretism cross-linguistically, we intend to present more precise generalizations on the phenomenon so as to explain it more reasonably within Generative Theory.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: