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Plural forms: eficiency or bargain?

Grant number: 11/23495-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): January 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Administration - Business Administration
Principal Investigator:Maria Sylvia Macchione Saes
Grantee:Paula Sarita Bigio Schnaider Nissimoff
Host Institution: Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade (FEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):13/00296-7 - Plural forms: efficiency or bargain?, BE.EP.DR


This research project aims to contribute to the understanding of plural forms, which consist of the concurrent use of different organizational forms in governance of similar transaction, endowed with the same attributes. This phenomenon challenges the discriminating alignment hypothesis developed by Williamson (1996), in that it predicts the convergence of these transactions to a single governance structure, the most efficient one. A study on the motivations underlying this strategy is proposed. In particular, the hypothesis of efficiency and bargain are analyzed as motivators of plural forms. For the development of the research, first a theoretical approach based on the New Institutional Economics will be conducted and complemented by the presentation of empirical evidence. To this end, we intend to conduct a survey in companies whose supply chains present plural forms. The primary data collected will be analyzed using the qualitative comparative analysis technique, which will be held with the assistance of "Tosmana" software, which uses boolean algebra to solve the logical expressions that, in turn, reveal the determinants for the establishment the observed outcome (plural forms).

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BIGIO SCHNAIDER, PAULA SARITA; MACCHIONE SAES, MARIA SYLVIA; RAYNAUD, EMMANUEL. It takes two to tango: combining asset specificity and uncertainty to explain the diversity of plural forms. INTERNATIONAL FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT REVIEW, v. 25, n. 2, p. 17-pg., . (13/00296-7, 11/23495-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
NISSIMOFF, Paula Sarita Bigio Schnaider. Heterogeneity of plural forms: a revised transaction cost approach. 2016. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade (FEA/SBD) São Paulo.

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