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Influence of weeds and fertilization in the interaction between predatory mites, Brevipalpus phoenicis, leprosis virus and citrus plants

Grant number: 11/15604-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): May 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Plant Health
Principal researcher:Mário Eidi Sato
Grantee:Daniele Karen Silva de Oliveira
Home Institution: Instituto Biológico (IB). Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (APTA). Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento (São Paulo - Estado). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:08/52691-9 - Management of citrus leprosis, AP.TEM

Abstract

Brazil is considered the world's largest citrus grower and orange juice exporter. Although it is competitive, the Brazilian citriculture is vulnerable, in function of constant threats from pests and diseases, which, in certain circumstances, may become limiting factors to the production. Among the pests of economic importance, the mite Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes), vector of Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV), is considered one of the main pests, responsible for a significant portion of citrus production cost in Brazil, because of the necessity of frequent acaricide applications for its control. Among the biological control agents, the mites of the family Phytoseiidae are the most important, being highly effective against the leprosis mite. The objectives of this project are: to assess the influence of weeds on the population dynamics of predatory mites and Brevipalpus phoenicis in citrus agroecosystem and evaluate the influence of fertilization in citrus on the interactions among predatory mites, B. phoenicis, leprosis virus (acquisition and transmission) and citrus plants. Studies on the influence of predaceous mites on the interactions among the vector mite (B. phoenicis), Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV) and citrus plants are unprecedented in Brazil and could bring relevant information for the establishment of leprosis management in citrus in the country, in order to reduce the problems caused by the disease.

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