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Effects of physical exercise on leptin signaling in the hypothalamus of rats: The role of neuronal S1PR1.

Grant number: 11/13828-1
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): September 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Eduardo Rochete Ropelle
Grantee:Vagner Ramon Rodrigues Silva
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas (FCA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Limeira , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The food intake and energy expenditure are regulated by specific neurons located in the hypothalamus. During the last two decades, the location of leptin receptors in hypothalamic nuclei and the description of the intracellular signaling triggered by this hormone in hypothalamic neurons were crucial to understanding the control of food intake and energy expenditure. The eating disorders are associated such as obesity; are related to leptin signaling dysfunctions in the hypothalamus. The subclinical inflammatory process observed in experimental models of obesity is associated with several mechanisms of leptin resistance in the hypothalamus and result in increased food intake and body weight gain. On the other hand, it has been demonstrated that exercise, by increasing the expression of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), is able to increase the leptin sensitivity in the hypothalamus of obese animals, however, these mechanisms remain partially known. Recently, the protein S1PR1 (sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1) was described as a molecule with high capacity to exert potent synergistic effects on the leptin signaling, supporting the activation of the Jak2/STAT3 after IL-6 stimulus in different cell lines. Thus, the aims of the project are investigate the effects of exercise and IL-6 on the leptin sensitivity and on S1PR1 activity of in the hypothalamus of obese rodents. We believe that this project will contribute to characterize the participation of S1PR1 in leptin signaling in the hypothalamus and to determine the effects of exercise on the neuronal S1PR1 activity.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RODRIGUES SILVA, VAGNER RAMON; KATASHIMA, CARLOS KIYOSHI; BUENO SILVA, CARLA G.; LENHARE, LUCIENE; MICHELETTI, THAYANA OLIVEIRA; CAMARGO, RAFAEL LUDEMANN; GHEZZI, ANA CAROLINA; CAMARGO, JULIANA ALVES; ASSIS, ALEXANDRE MOURA; TOBAR, NATALIA; et al. Hypothalamic S1P/S1PR1 axis controls energy homeostasis in Middle-Aged Rodents: the reversal effects of physical exercise. AGING-US, v. 9, n. 1, p. 156-169, . (11/09656-0, 11/13828-1)
SILVA, VAGNER R. R.; MICHELETTI, THAYANA O.; PIMENTEL, GUSTAVO D.; KATASHIMA, CARLOS K.; LENHARE, LUCIENE; MORARI, JOSEANE; MENDES, MARIA CAROLINA S.; RAZOLLI, DANIELA S.; ROCHA, GUILHERME Z.; DE SOUZA, CLAUDIO T.; et al. Hypothalamic S1P/S1PR1 axis controls energy homeostasis. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 5, . (11/09656-0, 11/13828-1)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SILVA, Vagner Ramon Rodrigues. Effects of physical exercise on leptina signaling in the hypothalamus of rats: the role of neuronal S1PR1. 2013. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas Campinas, SP.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.