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Procedures for the study of nonverbal communication, in an deaf baby, in episodes of play

Grant number: 11/20904-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2012
Effective date (End): November 30, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Human Development Psychology
Principal Investigator:Katia de Souza Amorim
Grantee:Maria Manuela da Costa Manaia
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

From one literature analysis, one can realize not much information concerning communication processes nonverbal on infants deafness. Thus, this research has aimed, to start a case study investigating the process of communication, and language of the relationship between one baby deaf in interação in one specific partner, on episodes of a joke. The meta is investigar as the bebê significa seu estar in mundo, apesar of not if utilizar of linguagem verbal (embora atravessada by ela). The choice of episodes of play took place, because, according to Bruner, the game serves, among other functions, as a vehicle for language acquisition, in which the child learns to signal and acknowledge signals and expectations. The initial structure of the language with its rules could be seen as an extension of the structure present in playful interaction with its regularities and patterns. The subject pivotal study is the baby Danilo (13 months) with congenital deafness. From it, was elected as the interaction partner - his grandmother and her two aunts - who are the persons legally responsible for their care and their daily care. The empirical data were obtained from The Constitution Project Subject of Language in Infants With and Without Hearing. The bank of images is related to monitoring, for six consecutive months, baby deaf performing their daily activities at home in the presence of their families. From the video footage will be selected episodes of banter between the baby and his grandmother/aunts these episodes, there will be a transcrissão microgenesis and analysis of the scenes. It will focus on psychological processes of communication and understanding of language in its course of (trans) training. All data collection and data analysis will be conducted based on the theoretical-methodological perspective of the network of meanings, in order to grasp the complexity and dynamics of the processes analyzed. The study aims to contribute to thinking development situations in the first years of life, dialoguing with one series of other research driven by a group.(AU)

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