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Phylogeography and genetic diversity of two Neotropical fig species (Moraceae) with distinct biologies

Grant number: 11/01205-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2012
Effective date (End): February 28, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Botany
Principal Investigator:Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira
Grantee:Priscila Canesqui da Costa
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil


Global vegetation distributions underwent changes due to climatic oscillations, and was restricted to refuges over the Quaternary period. Phylogeography assess the spatial structure of genetic diversity within populations, and helps to understand species distributions in the past and present time. Ficus genus is widely distributed and presents a considerable plasticity in the tropics. Therefore fig trees constitute a formidable tool for the study of Quaternary environmental variation. This study will contribute to a better understanding of tropical vegetation dynamics during Quaternary period. We will study the phylogeographic patterns of two Ficus species (F. insipida and F. citrifolia)with different biology and ecology. These fig trees species are suitable for a comparative analysis to evaluate whether biological and ecological differences resultedin distinct patterns of responses to Quaternary environmental fluctuations. Samplingwill cover the whole range of species distribution. Phylogeographic relationships andgenetic diversity between populations of the two Ficus species will be assessed on noncoding sequences of the chloroplast DNA and microsatellites sequences of the nuclear DNA.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COSTA, PRISCILA C.; LORENZ-LEMKE, ALINE P.; FURINI, PAULO R.; HONORIO CORONADO, EURIDICE N.; KJELLBERG, FINN; PEREIRA, RODRIGO A. S.. The phylogeography of two disjunct Neotropical Ficus (Moraceae) species reveals contrasted histories between the Amazon and the Atlantic Forests. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 185, n. 2, p. 272-289, . (11/01205-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
COSTA, Priscila Canesqui da. Phylogeography of Neotropical fig trees (Ficus: Moraceae). 2015. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC) Ribeirão Preto.

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