The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that in the world, obesity affects one in ten adults. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for the development of various pathologies such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease and some type of cancers. There is evidence that low-intensity chronic inflammation, a phenotype often associated with obesity, may play an important role in the development of these pathologies. Despite the association between inflammation and obesity is well established, the factors that trigger and connect these two conditions have not been identified. This project aims to elucidate the general involvement of nuclear receptors PPAR gamma in the pathogenesis of obesity and inflammation, as well as their participation to metabolic and immunologic actions of omega-3 fatty acids. More specifically, wild mice and FAT-1 (genetically modified to produce omega-3) induced obese by eating high-fat diet and treated or not with PPAR gamma antagonist will be evaluated for changes in carbohydrates attained homeostasis (tolerance, uptake and metabolism glucose) and lipid (clearance, uptake and lipid metabolism),intracellular insulin signaling and cytokine gene expression profile, endocrine function (production and secretion of adipokines / cytokines and nitric oxide) of adipocytes and macrophages and the recruitment and change phenotype of resident macrophages in adipose tissue. The same parameters will be evaluated in mice or wild-specific deletion of specific PPAR gamma in myeloid cells. These experiments will be complemented by in vitro studies in primary cells (macrophages and adipocytes) and permanent or permanent cell lines.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: