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Dehydroepiandrosterone and the vascular function of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Grant number: 11/05743-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): July 31, 2012
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Cardiorenal Pharmacology
Principal researcher:Eliana Hiromi Akamine
Grantee:Carolina Midori Hashimoto
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction is associated to traditional cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), an essential hypertension model, the endothelial dysfunction, evaluated as a reduction of endothelium-dependent relaxation, is attributed to increased vasoconstrictor prostanoids. Reduced dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels exhibit an inverse correlation with increased cardiovascular risk. DHEA stimulates the nitric oxide production and reduces the bioavailability of reactive oxygen species, which can represent at least part of the mechanisms involved in DHEA cardioprotective effects. Despite the fact that DHEA reduces vasoconstrictor prostanoid release in an insulin resistance/hypertension model, it is still unknown whether DHEA could improve the vascular function in models, such as SHR, in which endothelial dysfunction is attributable to increased vasoconstrictor prostanoids.Therefore, the aim of the present project is to evaluate the effects of DHEA on the endothelium-dependent relaxation in the aorta of SHR, with emphasis on cyclooxygenase products.

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