Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Trophic ecology in matrix agriculture: use of isotopic tool for conservation of birds in anthropogenic landscape

Grant number: 11/04046-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): March 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Forestry Resources and Forestry Engineering - Nature Conservation
Principal researcher:Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz
Grantee:Daniela Tomasio Apolinario da Luz
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The increase in the processes of habitat fragmentation in recent years has led to great concern to the conservation of biodiversity, where the loss of biotic interactions has gained prominence. The indication of the diet composition of bird inserted in the context of habitat fragmentation can contribute in determining the potential resilience of remnants located in fragmented landscapes, leading to a diagnosis of how these animals are contributing to the maintenance of remaining in degraded environments. Thus, this study will seek to evaluate the contribution of the sugar cane and pasture matrices and forest remnants in the diet composition of bird communities, elucidating the trophic relationships among species of the anthropogenic landscape of the Corumbataí river basin (SP), through the use of stable isotopes tool. We selected six sample units (16 km²) distributed in matrices of pasture and sugar cane, with at least 70% occupied by the matrix and 10% of forest. Based on analysis of the structure and dynamics of the landscape 10 forest remnants are being selected. The birds will be sampled by the method of mist nets (12 x 2.8 m long; 32 mm mesh), using a sequence of mist nets for the study site allocated within the forest remnants for a continuous period of six hours. The capture rate and the sampling effort needed in the area, as well as review time the mist nets will be determined after conducting a pilot project. Feathers and fecal material will be collected for isotopic analysis, and samples of the remaining food resources and environment, describing isotopically food resources used by species in agricultural matrices. We will analyze aspects of similarity between the diet composition of bird to the different matrices according to aspects of dynamics and landscape structure. Moreover, the proportion of items consumed will be compared between the dies and the forest remnants according to structural characteristics and historical use and occupation of the surroundings. The purchase of data to understand the behavior of resource use by birds in fragmented and anthropogenic landscapes can provide subsidies that enable the development of techniques and management strategies, restoration and effective conservation aimed the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem. (AU)

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
NAVARRO, ANA BEATRIZ; MAGIOLI, MARCELO; BOGONI, JULIANO ANDRE; MOREIRA, MARCELO ZACHARIAS; SILVEIRA, LUIS FABIO; ALEXANDRINO, EDUARDO ROBERTO; APOLINARIO DA LUZ, DANIELA TOMASIO; PIZO, MARCO AURELIO; SILVA, WESLEY RODRIGUES; DE OLIVEIRA, VANESSA CRISTINA; et al. Human-modified landscapes narrow the isotopic niche of neotropical birds. Oecologia, v. 196, n. 1, . (10/05343-5, 11/04046-0, 11/06782-5)
NAVARRO, ANA BEATRIZ; MAGIOLI, MARCELO; BOGONI, JULIANO ANDRE; SILVEIRA, LUIS FABIO; MOREIRA, MARCELO ZACHARIAS; ALEXANDRINO, EDUARDO ROBERTO; APOLINARIO DA LUZ, DANIELA TOMASIO; SILVA, WESLEY RODRIGUES; PIZO, MARCO AURELIO; DE OLIVEIRA, VANESSA CRISTINA; et al. Isotopic niches of tropical birds reduced by anthropogenic impacts: a 100-year perspective. OIKOS, v. 130, n. 11, . (11/06782-5, 20/07619-0, 11/04046-0, 10/05343-5)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
LUZ, Daniela Tomasio Apolinario da. Trophic ecology in agricultural matrices: use of an isotopic tool for bird conservation in modified environments. 2013. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC) Piracicaba.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.