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Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four under the light of political critics: the integrity of George Orwell s literary project

Grant number: 11/05660-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2011
Effective date (End): December 31, 2011
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Modern Foreign Literatures
Principal researcher:Carla Alexandra Ferreira
Grantee:Paula Sayuri Yanagiwara
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

George Orwell was a novelist of the first half of the 20th century, very well known by two of works Animal Farm and 1984. He also wrote both fiction and non-fiction in which we can find his essays. By living in the two war period (1914-1918 and 1939-1945), the Cold War time (1945) - term Orwell himself created - in the 1929 New York stockholder crack, and everthing that came with it, it would not be possible for him to be apart those themes. Politically engaged with social issues, he both attacked the right wing as the left wing and as a result was also attacked by them, being even called the the orthodox left of a "sentimental bourgeois". BY considering this, the purpose of this project is to show Orwell, in both his works mentioned before, kept his political ideas and did not surrender to the propaganda of the intelligentsia, as most critics make us believe. The theoretical support for such approach will be the political criticism according to Antonio Candido and Fredric Jameson, considering the connections of personal and social spheres and of the historical aspects in both Orwells fiction and non-fiction works.

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