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The tacit cogito as the foundation of the theory of knowledge of Merleau-Ponty

Grant number: 11/02709-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2011
Effective date (End): November 30, 2012
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal researcher:Franklin Leopoldo e Silva
Grantee:Gustavo Luis de Moraes Cavalcante
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The great interest of Merleau-Ponty, both by modern philosophy as the new theories of psychology (and psychoanalysis) of his time, of course, for its dialogue with contemporary philosophers, like this shows phenomenologist understand the philosophy, this is always something unfinished and constantly changing. Merleau-Ponty proposes to discuss new theories that could unite philosophy with the new discoveries in psychology, and find new answer to old problems posed by philosophy, such as Cartesian duality. Through a study of the chapter entitled "cogito" book Phenomenology of Perception written by Merleau-Ponty, seek to understand the arguments against the Cartesian cogito and also show the path of the philosopher to the construction of its tacit cogito. By showing that argument and explain what is the tacit cogito, we will try to find the reasons for a theory of knowledge of Merleau-Ponty, this being the aim of this work. For such reasons we will discuss the explanation of what the philosopher believes that the perception and role of this central to human knowledge. We believe that more clearly understand the theory of knowledge when studying the examples given by phenomenologist, namely, the example of the elusive love, the example of the geometer to draw a triangle and more complex, and that can help us better understand this theory of knowledge the example of speech. (AU)

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