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Social and urban requirements to develop Master Plans to the ZEIS 3 of Sao Paulo.

Grant number: 10/20664-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 28, 2014
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Project
Principal researcher:Maria Lucia Refinetti Rodrigues Martins
Grantee:Patricia Rodrigues Samora
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The research aims to investigate the impact of the maximum plot ratio of 4, set by the Strategic Master Plan of the city of São Paulo, when applied in the territory demarcated as ZEIS 3 and the impact on the quality of housing produced. The density of occupation resulting may require an increase or improvement of infrastructure and urban facilities available, not always provided by projects that are restricted to the plot. It is intended to discuss requirements for proper population density levels to the new housing developments located in ZEIS 3, both from the urban and social perspective, such as availability of infrastructure and urban facilities, maximum plot ratio, availability of green areas and leisure, among others to be defined. The search will start from a theoretical framework that addresses issues of urban and environmental sustainability, from which shall be established requirements allowing analysis of housing projects considering their social and urban quality. The method adopted includes good examples of housing design in central areas that use that seek to control the urban sprawl by occupying neglected areas in the inner-city. Such projects will be analyzed on the level of density achieved and its relation to the occupancy rate of the city as a whole, the elements present in the urban environment regarding urban mobility, leisure and education facilities as well as the final urban design. The results will allow the proposition of social and urban requirements criteria which, associated with environmental requirements, will improve the development of sustainable social housing projects in ZEIS 3.

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