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Assessment of the energy recovery capacity in anaerobic reactors applied to the treatment of residues with high organic concentration

Grant number: 10/04101-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 28, 2013
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Principal researcher:Marcelo Loureiro Garcia
Grantee:Lucas Tadeu Fuess
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas (IGCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:09/15984-0 - Bioenergy production from wastewaters and environmental fitting of liquid and solid wastes generated, AP.TEM


The objective of this work is to verify whether anaerobic reactors applied to the treatment of residues with high concentrations of organic matter (e.g. stillage and brewery wastewater) are energetically favorable. Anaerobic digestion is characterized as an efficient process to treat effluents, such that it significantly reduces the environmental impact associated to the pollutant loading of the effluents. In addition, the methane gas produced in this process may be used to generate energy, which can directly supply the treatment plant, reducing the use of nonrenewable resources and even providing a self-sustaining system. Anaerobic digestion is composed of four main phases, hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis, through which five different groups of microorganisms at least are involved. The residues with high concentrations of organic matter that will be conceptually assessed in this work include stillage, those from breeding (pigs and cattle) and breweries, while the stillage will also be experimentally evaluated in terms of its methanogenic potential. The stillages will be sampled in three different sugar cane-to-ethanol production plants located in the Rio Claro (SP) city area. The next step will be based on the energy balance analysis of the plant whose stillage has the highest potencial to be tranformed into methane, considering both the actual plant operating conditions and the hypothesis of applying an anaerobic reactor to treat the stillage. (AU)

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FUESS, LUCAS TADEU; GARCIA, MARCELO LOUREIRO. Bioenergy from stillage anaerobic digestion to enhance the energy balance ratio of ethanol production. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 162, p. 102-114, . (10/04101-8)
FUESS, LUCAS TADEU; GARCIA, MARCELO LOUREIRO. Implications of stillage land disposal: A critical review on the impacts of fertigation. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 145, p. 210-229, . (10/04101-8)
FUESS, LUCAS TADEU; GARCIA, MARCELO LOUREIRO. Anaerobic digestion of stillage to produce bioenergy in the sugarcane-to-ethanol industry. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY, v. 35, n. 3, p. 333-339, . (10/04101-8)
FUESS, LUCAS T.; RODRIGUES, ISABELLA J.; GARCIA, MARCELO L.. Fertirrigation with sugarcane vinasse: Foreseeing potential impacts on soil and water resources through vinasse characterization. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, v. 52, n. 11, p. 1063-1072, . (09/15984-0, 10/04101-8, 14/04636-0)
RODRIGUES, ISABELLA JUNQUEIRA; FUESS, LUCAS TADEU; BIONDO, LUCAS; SANTESSO, CAROLINE ANTONELLI; GARCIA, MARCELO LOUREIRO. Coagulation-flocculation of anaerobically treated sugarcane stillage. Desalination and Water Treatment, v. 52, n. 22-24, p. 4111-4121, . (11/02183-0, 10/04101-8, 11/05956-0)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
FUESS, Lucas Tadeu. Potencial contaminante e energético da vinhaça: riscos de contaminação ao solo e recursos hídricos e recuperação de energia a partir da digestão anaeróbica. 2013. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas. Rio Claro Rio Claro.

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