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Investigation of the mechanism of ethanol electro-oxidation on metallic nanoparticles.

Grant number: 09/11073-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2010
Effective date (End): March 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Physical-Chemistry
Principal Investigator:Fabio Henrique Barros de Lima
Grantee:Daniel Augusto Cantane
Host Institution: Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:09/07629-6 - Electrocatalysis IV: fundamental and applied aspects of electrocatalytic processes, bio-electrocatalysis and kinetic instabilities, AP.BIOEN.TEM


The total ethanol electro-oxidation to produce CO2 and H2O, involves the transfer of 12 electrons per molecule. This has been conducted to a great interest in its applications as fuel in convertor devices such as fuel cells. In order to generate CO2, it is necessary breaking the C-H e C-C bonds, and the CO-O bond formation. In acid electrolyte, on Pt-based electrocatalysts, the reaction follows parallel pathways producing acetic acid and acetaldehyde, but CO2 is produced only in a minor extent, which reduces the fuel cell efficiency. In alkaline electrolyte, the presence of adsorbed oxygenated species on the electrocatalyst surface, at low electrochemical potentials, facilitates the oxidation of the reaction intermediates, but still presents little efficiency for the total oxidation to CO2. So, it is necessary to further advance in the knowledge of the reaction mechanism, and in the development of electrocatalysts that produces the selective oxidation of the ethanol molecules to CO2. Among the different materials studied in order to increase the oxidation efficiency in acid electrolyte as, for example, bimetallic nanoparticles composed by Pt-M (M = Ru, Rh, Sn, Mo and etc), only the combination of Pt with Rh has been shown a favoring of the oxidation of ethanol following the direct pathway and, in the alkaline environment, promising activities have been obtained in Pd-based materials. Therefore, this work aims to further advance in the study of the mechanism and in the development of more active electrocatalyts for the oxidation of ethanol. The electrocatalysts will be composed by carbon-supported Rh and Pd nanoparticles, and by different nanostructures obtained by the combination of Rh and Pt atoms, in the case of acid electrolyte, and Pd and Pt, in the case of alkaline electrolyte. The reaction pathways followed on the different nanoparticles will be studied by in situ FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-red) and by on line DEMS (Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry), associated with electrochemical techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry and cronoamperometry.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CANTANE, D. A.; AMBROSIO, W. F.; CHATENET, M.; LIMA, F. H. B.. Electro-oxidation of ethanol on Pt/C, Rh/C, and Pt/Rh/C-based electrocatalysts investigated by on-line DEMS. JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, v. 681, p. 56-65, . (08/05156-0, 09/11073-3, 09/05545-0)
DELMONDE, M. V. F.; NASCIMENTO, M. A.; NAGAO, R.; CANTANE, D. A.; LIMA, F. H. B.; VARELA, H.. Production of Volatile Species during the Oscillatory Electro-oxidation of Small Organic Molecules. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v. 118, n. 31, p. 17699-17709, . (09/07629-6, 12/24152-1, 09/11073-3, 12/24368-4, 11/10982-0, 09/00153-6)
CANTANE, D. A.; OLIVEIRA, F. E. R.; SANTOS, S. F.; LIMA, F. H. B.. Synthesis of Pt-based hollow nanoparticles using carbon-supported Co@Pt and Ni@Pt core-shell structures as templates: Electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, v. 136, p. 351-360, . (11/50727-9, 09/07629-6, 09/11073-3)
NAGAO, RAPHAEL; CANTANE, DANIEL A.; LIMA, FABIO H. B.; VARELA, HAMILTON. The dual pathway in action: decoupling parallel routes for CO2 production during the oscillatory electro-oxidation of methanol. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, v. 14, n. 23, p. 8294-8298, . (08/05156-0, 09/07629-6, 09/11073-3, 09/00153-6)
NAGAO, RAPHAEL; CANTANE, DANIEL A.; LIMA, FABIO H. B.; VARELA, HAMILTON. Influence of Anion Adsorption on the Parallel Reaction Pathways in the Oscillatory Electro-oxidation of Methanol. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v. 117, n. 29, p. 15098-15105, . (08/05156-0, 09/07629-6, 09/11073-3, 09/00153-6)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CANTANE, Daniel Augusto. Ethanol electro-oxidation investigated by on-line mass spectrometry on metallic nanostructures. 2013. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC/BT) São Carlos.

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