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From the cattle tracks to the machine trail: A morphological study on the backlands from Pernambuco and Ceara states in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Grant number: 09/03232-4
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2009
Effective date (End): July 31, 2011
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Fundamentals of Architecture and Urbanism
Principal Investigator:Luciano Migliaccio
Grantee:Damião Esdras Araujo Arraes
Host Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


This work aims to investigate the origin and evolution of three cities in the hinterlands area from Pernambuco and Ceara states (cities of Araripina, Triunfo and Crato) and how they have raised in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries,a period which highlighted the social and economic phenomenon called "Leather Cycle", from which there are no specific studies on its origins, history, memory and morphological affiliations.This occurs because only the main cities in the early republic in Brazil (those with a greater political and economic interest) or studying, the exhaustion, the unsustainable and chaotic metropolis of today, creating numerous gaps that, if fulfilled, could compose a more complete picture of brazilian urbanism.This study is still focused on analyzing how process of internalization of the Brazilian Northeast in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries has been initiated with the "Cyrcle of the Cattle" (wich has favored the rise of urban areas) and consolidate with the introduction of the vapor machine as an element connected with the Industrial Revolution, which is a very important fact to the configuration of the urban morphology in the three cities under studies.

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ARRAES, Damião Esdras Araujo. Cattle Corral, Soul\'s Corral: Urbanization of the Brazilian Northeasterner Hinterland between the 17th and 19th Centuries. 2012. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI) São Paulo.

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