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Biomonitored phytochemical study of Picramnia bahiensis and Thyrsodium schomburgkianum: obtaining insecticide, fungicide against leaf-cutting ants and their symbiotic fungi and micro-encapsulation of active compounds

Grant number: 07/07196-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2008
Effective date (End): March 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Organic Chemistry
Principal Investigator:João Batista Fernandes
Grantee:Rodrigo Ossamu Saga Kitamura
Host Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:06/58043-3 - Leaf cutting ants control, integrated studies, AP.TEM


The leaf-cutting ants of the genera Atta and Acromyrmex are considered between the most important plagues in Agriculture, grassland and reforestation programs, due the great amount of leaves cut which the plants are submitted. The factors such as natural resources abundance as food source, scantiness of natural enemies and competitions among others species, promote the attack and, consequently, damages to the plantation, generating serious economic damages, since the density of the nests of leaf-cutting ants can increase 5 to 10 times in relation to a nest in natural environment. The Sapindales order is composed by the families Staphyceaceae, Melianthaceae, Bretschneideraceae, Akaniceae, Sapindaceae, Hippocastanaceae, Aceraceae, Burseraceae, Anacardiaceae, Julianiceae, e Zygophyllaceae. Several compounds with insecticide, antifungal and enzymes inhibiting activities have been gotten from these families. The present project has as main objective to obtain: natural insecticide and/or antifungal compounds and methodologies to application these compounds to Atta sexdens rubropilosa control. Specifically is intended: a) to realize biomonitored phytochemical study of the plants Picramnia bahiensis and Thyrsodium schomburgkianum, being aimed the isolation of the new compounds with insecticide and/or antifungal and/or inhibiting of enzimes activities; b) to isolate and characterize all compounds from the plants contributing to the chemossystematic of the studied genera, since they are little known on the chemical point of view; and c) from active(s) compound(s), to formulate insecticide through the micro-encapsulation technique and comparing with existing traditional standards of baits in the market. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ADRIANA F. L. VILELA; BÁRBARA M. FRUGERI; ANDRÉ L. F. SARRIA; RODRIGO O. S. KITAMURA; JOÃO B. FERNANDES; MARIA F. G. F. SILVA; QUEZIA B. CASS; CARMEN L. CARDOSO. Aminonaphthoquinone Mannich Bases Derived from Lawsone and Their Copper(II) Complex Derivatives: Synthesis and Potential Cholinesterase Inhibitors as Identified by On-flow Assay. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 27, n. 3, p. 534-545, . (06/58043-3, 13/01710-1, 07/06393-3, 07/07196-7)

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