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Aerosol and clouds life cycles in Amazonia: biogenic emissions, biomass burning and impacts on ecosystem

Grant number: 17/17047-0
Support Opportunities:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2018 - July 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Principal Investigator:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Grantee:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Host Institution: Instituto de Física (IF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias
Associated researchers:Alan James Peixoto Calheiros ; Éder Paulo Vendrasco ; Edmilson Dias de Freitas ; Henrique de Melo Jorge Barbosa ; Izabelly Carvalho da Costa ; Joel Ferreira de Brito ; Luciana Varanda Rizzo ; Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado ; Nilmara de Oliveira Alves Brito ; Pedro Luiz Pizzigatti Corrêa ; Rachel Ifanger Albrecht ; Samara Carbone ; Thiago Souza Biscaro
Associated grant(s):18/18692-0 - Applications of LibRadTran for studying interactions of radiation with aerosols and clouds, AV.EXT
18/08934-6 - Analyzing the cloud-induced aerosol modifications by combination of remote sensing techniques (ACI-AMORES), AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):20/15405-0 - Formation mechanisms and impacts of nanoparticles over Amazon atmosphere, BP.DR
21/03547-7 - Weather events and aerosol interactions in Amazonia, BP.MS
21/06211-0 - Measurement of the aerosol vertical profile in the Amazon region using the lidar technique, BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 20/11000-5 - Relationships between electrical activity, precipitation and aerosol life cycle in the Amazon, BP.MS
20/16618-7 - Observing the growth of Amazonian clouds using vertically pointing radar, BP.IC
20/13273-9 - Anatomy of Convective Clouds over the Amazon (ACCA), BP.PD
20/02368-9 - Numerical solution of an aerosol particle growth by condensational of water vapor, BP.IC
19/04455-9 - Calibration stability of a Raman Lidar for water vapor measurements in the Amazon, BP.IC
18/26375-4 - Mechanisms of secondary organic aerosol formation in Amazonia studied at the ground, ATTO tower and HALO plane, BP.PD
18/23779-7 - Data processing and big data analysis to the understanding of atmospheric properties in Amazonia and its effects on the ecosystem, BP.TT - associated scholarships


Amazonia is a living laboratory to study critical processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. The forest is an important global source of aerosols, trace gases and water vapor, and the complex nonlinear processes that regulate these different components are still not fully understood. In this project, we will study Aerosol Life Cycle (ALC), Cloud Life Cycle (CLC), and Cloud-Aerosol-Radiation-Precipitation Interactions (CAPI) in Amazonia, using a combination of approaches that allows innovative research in the tropics. The project comprises 4 measurement efforts: 1) new long term observations at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO); 2) several fluvial expeditions in the untouched areas of Western Amazonia; 3) a large scale aircraft experiment with the HALO G5 high altitude plane (14 km); and 4) aerosol and trace gas measurement campaigns at Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5,240 altitude in the Andes, to study the transport and impact of Amazonian aerosols. These measurement efforts, going from the ATTO 325 meters tall tower, through fluvial ship and aircraft up into the Andes at the GAW-WMO Chacaltaya station, will allow a large spectrum of critical processes that regulates the links between forest-atmosphere-climate in tropical regions. In these sites and platforms, we will measure, among other things, aerosol optical properties with spectral light scattering and absorption, aerosol size distribution, aerosol composition for organic and inorganic components, aerosol optical depth, radiation balance, cloud condensation nuclei, cloud droplet size, cloud optical depth, and vertical profiles of aerosols, clouds, precipitation and thermodynamic variables. A large set of advanced instrumentation will make these measurements in difficult logistical conditions. High resolution cloud modeling will integrate aerosol, CCN and water vapor for a variety of thermodynamic conditions and will allow integration of organic aerosol analysis with cloud processes. High-resolution BRAMS and WRF-Chem regional modeling will be performed to help understanding regional processes and transport. With these new datasets and associated modeling efforts, we plan to study cloud-aerosol-precipitation interactions and the feedbacks between biosphere and atmosphere and human activities through deforestation and biomass burning emissions. We expect that these measurements and modeling framework will provide new insights in critical and important processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and cloud Physics. The analysis will also provide insights into how Amazonia is being perturbed by biomass burning emissions and how it influences climate regionally and globally. (AU)

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Scientific publications (26)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CECCHINI, MICAEL AMORE; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MORALES RODRIGUEZ, CARLOS A.; BISCARO, THIAGO. Macrophysical and Microphysical Characteristics of Convective Rain Cells Observed During SOS-CHUVA. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 125, n. 13, . (17/04654-6, 17/17047-0, 15/14497-0)
NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; KAMIGAUTI, LEONARDO YOSHIAKI; PEREIRA, GUILHERME MARTINS; GAVIDIA-CALDERON, MARIO E.; IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; DE OLIVEIRA, GUILHERME LIBRETE; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA DE CASTRO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA. Evolution of Vehicle Emission Factors in a Megacity Affected by Extensive Biofuel Use: Results of Tunnel Measurements in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Environmental Science & Technology, v. 55, n. 10, p. 6677-6687, . (17/17047-0, 19/01316-8, 16/18438-0, 18/07848-9)
SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; SCHNEIDER, JOHANNES; HOLANDA, BRUNA AMORIM; APPEL, OLIVER; COSTA, ANJA; DE SA, SUZANE S.; DREILING, VOLKER; FUETTERER, DANIEL; JURKAT-WITSCHAS, TINA; KLIMACH, THOMAS; et al. Aircraft-based observations of isoprene-epoxydiol-derived secondary organic aerosol (IEPOX-SOA) in the tropical upper troposphere over the Amazon region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 20, p. 14979-15001, . (17/17047-0, 13/05014-0)
LIU, YINGJUN; SECO, ROGER; KIM, SAEWUNG; GUENTHER, ALEX B.; GOLDSTEIN, ALLEN H.; KEUTSCH, FRANK N.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; WATSON, THOMAS B.; ARTAXO, PAULO; SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; et al. Isoprene photo-oxidation products quantify the effect of pollution on hydroxyl radicals over Amazonia. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 4, n. 4, . (17/17047-0)
ROSARIO, NILTON E.; SAUINI, THAMARA; PAULIQUEVIS, THEOTONIO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; YAMASOE, MARCIA A.; BARJA, BORIS. Aerosol optical depth retrievals in central Amazonia from a multi-filter rotating shadow-band radiometer calibrated on-site. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 12, n. 2, p. 921-934, . (12/16100-1, 13/05014-0, 13/50510-5, 17/17047-0)
LOEBS, NINA; BARBOSA, CYBELLI G. G.; BRILL, SEBASTIAN; WALTER, DAVID; DITAS, FLORIAN; SA, MARTA DE OLIVEIRA; DE ARAUJO, ALESSANDRO C.; DE OLIVEIRA, LEONARDO R.; GODOI, RICARDO H. M.; WOLFF, STEFAN; et al. Aerosol measurement methods to quantify spore emissions from fungi and cryptogamic covers in the Amazon. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 13, n. 1, p. 153-164, . (17/17047-0)
SHILLING, JOHN E.; PEKOUR, MIKHAIL S.; FORTNER, EDWARD C.; ARTAXO, PAULO; DE SA, SUZANE; HUBBE, JOHN M.; LONGO, KARLA M.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; et al. Aircraft observations of the chemical composition and aging of aerosol in the Manaus urban plume during GoAmazon 2014/5. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 14, p. 10773-10797, . (13/05014-0, 17/17047-0)
ALIAGA, DIEGO; SINCLAIR, VICTORIA A.; ANDRADE, MARCOS; ARTAXO, PAULO; CARBONE, SAMARA; KADANTSEV, EVGENY; LAJ, PAOLO; WIEDENSOHLER, ALFRED; KREJCI, RADOVAN; BIANCHI, FEDERICO. Identifying source regions of air masses sampled at the tropical high-altitude site of Chacaltaya using WRF-FLEXPART and cluster analysis. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 21, n. 21, p. 16453-16477, . (17/17047-0)
MORAIS, FERNANDO G.; SAKANO, VICTOR K.; DE LIMA, LUCAS N.; FRANCO, MARCO A.; REIS, DANIEL COSTA; ZANCHETTA, LIZ M.; JORGE, FABIO; LANDULFO, EDUARDO; CATALANI, LUIZ HENRIQUE; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; et al. Filtration efficiency of a large set of COVID-19 face masks commonly used in Brazil. AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 55, n. 9, p. 1028-1041, . (14/50948-3, 17/17047-0)
HOLANDA, BRUNA A.; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; WALTER, DAVID; SATURNO, JORGE; SOERGEL, MATTHIAS; DITAS, JEANNINE; DITAS, FLORIAN; SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; FRANCO, MARCO AURELIO; WANG, QIAOQIAO; et al. Influx of African biomass burning aerosol during the Amazonian dry season through layered transatlantic transport of black carbon-rich smoke. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 20, n. 8, p. 4757-4785, . (17/17047-0)
POPE, RICHARD J.; ARNOLD, STEPHEN R.; CHIPPERFIELD, MARTYN P.; REDDINGTON, CARLY L. S.; BUTT, EDWARD W.; KESLAKE, TIM D.; FENG, WUHU; LATTER, BARRY G.; KERRIDGE, BRIAN J.; SIDDANS, RICHARD; et al. Substantial Increases in Eastern Amazon and Cerrado Biomass Burning-Sourced Tropospheric Ozone. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 47, n. 3, . (17/17047-0, 12/14437-9)
TONG, HAIJIE; ZHANG, YUN; FILIPPI, ALEXANDER; WANG, TING; LI, CHENPEI; LIU, FOBANG; LEPPLA, DENIS; KOURTCHEV, IVAN; WANG, KAI; KESKINEN, HELMI-MARJA; et al. Radical Formation by Fine Particulate Matter Associated with Highly Oxygenated Molecules. Environmental Science & Technology, v. 53, n. 21, p. 12506-12518, . (17/17047-0)
SHRIVASTAVA, MANISH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BERG, LARRY K.; BRITO, JOEL; CHING, JOSEPH; EASTER, RICHARD C.; FAN, JIWEN; FAST, JEROME D.; et al. Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 10, . (13/50521-7, 17/17047-0, 13/05014-0)
TUET, WING Y.; LIU, FOBANG; ALVES, NILMARA DE OLIVEIRA; FOK, SHIERLY; ARTAXO, PAULO; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA; CHAMPION, JULIE A.; NG, NGA L.. Chemical Oxidative Potential and Cellular Oxidative Stress from Open Biomass Burning Aerosol. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, v. 6, n. 3, p. 126-132, . (17/17047-0, 13/05014-0)
SENA, ELISA T.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F.; CARVALHO, L. M. V.; SILVA DIAS, P. L.. Reduced Wet-Season Length Detected by Satellite Retrievals of Cloudiness over Brazilian Amazonia: A New Methodology. Journal of Climate, v. 31, n. 24, p. 9941-9964, . (17/17047-0, 16/12342-1)
NASCIMENTO, JANAINA P.; BELA, MEGAN M.; MELLER, BRUNO B.; BANDUCCI, ALESSANDRO L.; RIZZO, V, LUCIANA; VARA-VELA, ANGEL LIDUVINO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; GOMES, HELBER; RAFEE, SAMEH A. A.; FRANCO, MARCO A.; et al. Aerosols from anthropogenic and biogenic sources and their interactions - modeling aerosol formation, optical properties, and impacts over the central Amazon basin. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 21, n. 9, p. 6755-6779, . (17/17047-0)
ALVES, NILMARA DE OLIVEIRA; PEREIRA, GUILHERME MARTINS; DI DOMENICO, MARLISE; COSTANZO, GIOVANNA; BENEVENUTO, SARAH; FONOFF, ADRIANA M. DE OLIVEIRA; XAVIER COSTA, NATALIA DE SOUZA; RIBEIRO, JR., GABRIEL; KAJITANI, GUSTAVO SATORU; MORENO, NATALIA CESTARI; et al. Inflammation response, oxidative stress and DNA damage caused by urban air pollution exposure increase in the lack of DNA repair XPC protein. Environment International, v. 145, . (17/17047-0, 19/19435-3, 13/21728-2)
PAULO ARTAXO. As três emergências que nossa sociedade enfrenta: saúde, biodiversidade e mudanças climáticas. Estudos avançados, v. 34, n. 100, p. 53-66, . (17/17047-0)
URBINA GUERRERO, VIVIANA VANESA; DE MORAIS, MARCOS VINICIUS BUENO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; MARTINS, LEILA DROPRINCHINSKI. Numerical Study of Meteorological Factors for Tropospheric Nocturnal Ozone Increase in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo. ATMOSPHERE, v. 12, n. 2, . (17/17047-0, 16/18438-0, 11/01040-0)
WEBER, JAMES; ARCHER-NICHOLLS, SCOTT; ABRAHAM, NATHAN LUKE; SHIN, YOUNGSUB M.; BANNAN, THOMAS J.; PERCIVAL, CARL J.; BACAK, ASAN; ARTAXO, PAULO; JENKIN, MICHAEL; KHAN, M. ANWAR H.; et al. Improvements to the representation of BVOC chemistry-climate interactions in UKCA (v11.5) with the CRI-Strat 2 mechanism: incorporation and evaluation. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 14, n. 8, p. 5239-5268, . (17/17047-0)
ZAVERI, RAHUL A.; WANG, JIAN; FAN, JIWEN; ZHANG, YUWEI; SHILLING, JOHN E.; ZELENYUK, ALLA; MEI, FAN; NEWSOM, ROB; PEKOUR, MIKHAIL; TOMLINSON, JASON; et al. Rapid growth of anthropogenic organic nanoparticles greatly alters cloud life cycle in the Amazon rainforest. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 8, n. 2, . (17/17047-0, 13/05014-0)
IBARRA-ESPINOSA, SERGIO; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; LANDULFO, EDUARDO. ffects of Evaporative Emissions Control Measurements on Ozone Concentrations in Brazi. TMOSPHER, v. 13, n. 1, . (21/07136-1, 17/17047-0, 16/18438-0, 15/03804-9)
MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; FRANCO, MARCO A.; KREMPER, LESLIE A.; DITAS, FLORIAN; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; CECCHINI, MICAEL A.; HOLANDA, BRUNA A.; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; SARAIVA, IVAN; et al. How weather events modify aerosol particle size distributions in the Amazon boundary layer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 21, n. 23, p. 18065-18086, . (17/17047-0)
SQUIZZATO, RAFAELA; NOGUEIRA, THIAGO; MARTINS, LEILA D.; MARTINS, JORGE A.; ASTOLFO, ROSANA; MACHADO, CAROLYNE BUENO; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FATIMA; DE FREITAS, EDMILSON DIAS. Beyond megacities: tracking air pollution from urban areas and biomass burning in Brazil. NPJ CLIMATE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE, v. 4, n. 1, . (16/18438-0, 17/17047-0)
RAMSAY, ROBBIE; DI MARCO, CHIARA F.; SOERGEL, MATTHIAS; HEAL, MATHEW R.; CARBONE, SAMARA; ARTAXO, PAULO; DE ARAUJO, ALESSANDRO C.; SA, MARTA; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; LAVRIC, JOST; et al. Concentrations and biosphere-atmosphere fluxes of inorganic trace gases and associated ionic aerosol counterparts over the Amazon rainforest. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 20, n. 24, p. 15551-15584, . (17/17047-0)

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