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Practices of infant food with low birth weight: compared growth, nutritional condition and micronutrients and adipokines


The increased survival of preterm and low birth weight infants (LBW) in parallel to the rise in the prevalence of overweight and its morbidities, reflects new demands and issues to be investigated for health professionals. The importance of adequate nutrition in the first months of life, especially during the introduction of complementary feeding, is related to the suitable growth and development, as well as the prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood. National surveys show many inadequacies in feeding practices of infants; however, little is known about the dietary intake of children with low birth weight, they become more vulnerable to metabolic changes forward to fast catch-up growth. LBW infants are increased risk for the development of nutritional and metabolic disorders, on the other hand the health professionals and parents have great expectations that these children quickly recover their growth potential. There are still many doubts which would be the ideal growth rate for infants and which dietary practices are involved in this process. The objective of this study is to describe feeding practices in the first year of life and verify associations with catch-up growth, nutritional status, dietary intake, the concentration of micronutrients, adipokines and IGF-1 in low birth weight infants. (AU)

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