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Priority areas for Legal Reserve offsetting: research for the development of a decision making tool to enhance transparency in the implementation process of the environmental adjustment program (Programa de Regularização Ambiental - PRA) in São Paulo

Grant number: 16/17680-2
Support Opportunities:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: November 01, 2016 - December 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Gerd Sparovek
Grantee:Gerd Sparovek
Host Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers:Clarice Borges Matos ; Jean Paul Walter Metzger ; Kaline de Mello ; Oscar Sarcinelli ; Paulo Guilherme Molin ; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues ; Vinicius Guidotti de Faria
Associated scholarship(s):18/15713-6 - Socioeconomic Typological Characterization of the Agrarian Systems located at low productivity areas in Sao Paulo State to predict Legal Reserve Compensation areas, BP.PD
17/26684-4 - Environmental compensation as a mechanism for conservation: from methods to scenario testing based on the Brazilian new forest code, BP.DR
17/24028-2 - Elaboration of a priority areas map for Legal Reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.PD
+ associated scholarships 17/04812-0 - Elaboration of a priority areas map for legal reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.PD
17/02755-0 - A participatory process construction and evaluation aiming at a technical part preparation for an Environmental Adjustment Program (EAP) in the state of São Paulo, BP.PD
17/07942-2 - Historical overview patterns of natural vegetation cover in the State of São Paulo as support in the regularization of the compensation mechanisms in Legal Reserve established by the law nº 12.651/2012, BP.DD
16/24319-4 - Elaboration of priority areas map for legal reserve compensation in the State of São Paulo and development of an automated tool prototype to query geo-referenced information, BP.IC - associated scholarships


The implementation of the "New Forest Code" law, due to its complexity and its several sector disputes involved, needs to be supported by technical analysis, strongly based on scientific research. Scientific knowledge organized specifically for supporting the implementation of this law can assist the decision makers in the public consultation and in the necessary dialogues between various stakeholders (environmentalists, farmers, and legislators), strengthening the accuracy of technical discussions and providing a more credible material. The major focus of dispute in the implementation of the "New Forest Code" in the State of São Paulo (Brazil) is the offsetting of Legal Reserves (LR), which involves the mapping of farmland, the restoration potential in cultivate areas with low agricultural suitability, the offsetting possibility on currently cultivated, and the possibility of buying additional properties covered with natural vegetation. This document presents the proposal for: 1) the preparation of priority areas for offsetting of LR maps and agricultural land use admission in LR (according to Art. 68 of Federal Law # 12.651/2012), 2) the development of an automatic tool prototype for query georeferenced information, that assists public managers and allow access and query information by other stakeholders (landowners, NGOs, etc.), in order to guarantee the transparency on implementation of the Environmental Adjustment Program (PRA) in São Paulo State. This research comes from a demand of governmental sectors both to identify and to prioritize areas for LR compensation because of federal and state legislation and should contribute to the state role in the development and application of methodology for ensuring the compliance of the New Forest Code. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Las tierras imaginarias del estado de Pará 
The imaginary lands of Pará 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; BRITES, ALICE DANTAS; SPAROVEK, GERD; GUIDOTTI, VINICIUS; CERIGNONI, FELIPE; AGUIAR, DANIEL; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO; GUEDES PINTO, LUIS FERNANDO; DE MELLO, KALINE; et al. Unfolding additional massive cutback effects of the Native Vegetation Protection Law on Legal Reserves, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, v. 19, n. 4, . (16/17680-2, 13/50718-5, 17/07942-2, 17/02755-0)
FREITAS, FLAVIO L. M.; SPAROVEK, GERD; BERNDES, GORAN; PERSSON, U. MARTIN; ENGLUND, OSKAR; BARRETTO, ALBERTO; MORTBERG, ULLA. Potential increase of legal deforestation in Brazilian Amazon after Forest Act revision. NATURE SUSTAINABILITY, v. 1, n. 11, p. 665-670, . (16/17680-2)
GASTAUER, MARKUS; MIAZAKI, ANGELA SILVA; CROUZEILLES, RENATO; TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; LINO, ERIC D. S. M.; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO. Balancing natural forest regrowth and tree planting to ensure social fairness and compliance with environmental policies. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, v. 58, n. 11, . (13/50718-5, 16/17680-2)
TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; BRITES, ALICE; GUIDOTTI, VINICIUS; MOLIN, PAULO GUILHERME; DE MELLO, KALINE; SANTOS, ZENILDA LEDO DOS; PINTO, LUIS FERNANDO GUEDES; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO; JOLY, CARLOS ALFREDO; et al. Testing temporal benchmarks effects on the implementation of the new Brazilian Forest Act. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, v. 126, p. 213-222, . (13/07375-0, 13/50718-5, 17/04812-0, 17/02755-0, 16/17680-2, 18/25147-8, 17/24028-2, 17/07942-2)
GUIDOTTI, VINICIUS; DE BARROS FERRAZ, SILVIO FROSINI; GUEDES PINTO, LUIS FERNANDO; SPAROVEK, GERD; TANIWAKI, RICARDO H.; GARCIA, LARA GABRIELLE; BRANCALION, PEDRO H. S.. Changes in Brazil's Forest Code can erode the potential of riparian buffers to supply watershed services. LAND USE POLICY, v. 94, . (16/17680-2)
DE MELLO, KALINE; FENDRICH, ARTHUR NICOLAUS; BORGES-MATOS, CLARICE; BRITES, ALICE DANTAS; TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; ROCHA, GUSTAVO CASONI DA; MATSUMOTO, MARCELO; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO; JOLY, CARLOS ALFREDO; SPAROVEK, GERD; et al. Integrating ecological equivalence for native vegetation compensation: A methodological approach. LAND USE POLICY, v. 108, . (13/07375-0, 13/50718-5, 16/17680-2, 17/24028-2, 18/25147-8)
BORGES-MATOS, CLARICE; MARON, MARTINE; METZGER, JEAN PAUL. A Review of Condition Metrics Used in Biodiversity Offsetting. Environmental Management, v. 72, n. 4, p. 14-pg., . (16/17680-2, 17/26684-4)
DE MELLO, KALINE; BRITES, ALICE; BORGES-MATOS, CLARICE; TAVARES, PAULO ANDRE; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO; DOS SANTOS, ZENILDA LEDO; JOLY, CARLOS ALFREDO; SPAROVEK, GERD. Science and environmental policy establishment: the case of the Forest Act in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, v. 22, p. 8-pg., . (16/17680-2, 17/04812-0, 17/02755-0, 17/24028-2, 17/07942-2, 18/25147-8)

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