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Participative ethnobotany: conservation and local development in Serra do Mar State Park - Picinguaba, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil

Grant number: 15/12046-0
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
Duration: June 01, 2016 - May 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Pharmacy - Pharmacognosy
Principal researcher:Eliana Rodrigues
Grantee:Eliana Rodrigues
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Ambientais, Químicas e Farmacêuticas (ICAQF). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Diadema. Diadema , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Glyn Mara Figueira ; Ricardo José Francischetti Garcia ; Sidnei Raimundo ; Sonia Aragaki


Studies on ethnobotany that use a participatory approach propose active involvement of local people in its various stages, in order to promote, among other things, local culture strengthening and their empowerment on decision-making about the use of resources available at their environment, aiming local development. To develop ethnobotanical surveys between two Quilombos in Serra do Mar State Park - Picinguaba, Ubatuba, Brazil - with participation of its residents called "local partners"; and to produce potential conservation diagnosis of raised plant species. Methodology: This project will progress in two phases. In phase 1, courses will be offered to "local partners" about plants collection and ethnobotanical data. The partners, together with technical team, and using ethnobotany methods and techniques, will select and interview experts about various categories of plant use: construction, medicine, food, technology, fuel, among others. Data of each plant used will be noted on specially chips designed for this project, respective plant will be collected and deposited in herbaria: Municipal-SP Herbarium (PMSP) and the Forestry Institute (SPSF). In phase 2, potential conservation diagnosis of plants (the ones collected in Phase 1) will be performed by calculating the Conservation Priority Index (CPI), associated with ecological and phenological data, as well as bibliographic data of each plant conservation status. The traditional knowledge registered in both quilombos will be systematized, analyzed and compared. Still, data about potential conservation diagnosis of species used by these communities in the Atlantic forest will be obtained; both will generate scientific publications. Moreover, such data will be used for the production of booklet and / or audiovisual documentary, as well as on themed trails construction, contributing to tourism activity. The development of this study will contribute to advancement of ethnobotany research, promoting participation of local inhabitants in the registration of their own knowledge; above all, it will bring progress to ethnobotanic methods that aim conservation and local development, since these have been one of the focus of current studies in this knowledge area. In addition, as a continuation of this project, in medium term, we intend to build a management plan of at least one of those plants, with the local residents participation. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CONDE, BRUNO ESTEVES; ARAGAKI, SONIA; TICKTIN, TAMARA; FONSECA, AMANDA SURERUS; YAZBEK, PRISCILA BAPTISTELLA; SAUINI, THAMARA; RODRIGUES, ELIANA. Evaluation of conservation status of plants in Brazil's Atlantic forest: An ethnoecological approach withQuilombolacommunities in Serra do Mar State Park. PLoS One, v. 15, n. 9, . (15/12046-0)
RODRIGUES, ELIANA; CASSAS, FERNANDO; CONDE, BRUNO ESTEVES; DA CRUZ, CRENILDA; BARRETTO, EDUARDO HORTAL PEREIRA; DOS SANTOS, GINACIL; FIGUEIRA, GLYN MARA; PASSERO, LUIZ FELIPE DOMINGUES; DOS SANTOS, MARIA ALICE; GOMES, MARIA ANGELICA SILVA; et al. Participatory ethnobotany and conservation: a methodological case study conducted with quilombola communities in Brazil's Atlantic Forest. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, v. 16, n. 1, . (15/12046-0)
YAZBEK, P. B.; MATTA, P.; PASSERO, L. F.; DOS SANTOS, G.; BRAGA, S.; ASSUNCAO, L.; SAUINI, T.; CASSAS, F.; GARCIA, R. J. F.; HONDA, S.; et al. Plants utilized as medicines by residents of Quilombo da Fazenda, Nucleo Picinguaba, Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil: A participatory survey. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, v. 244, . (15/12046-0)

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