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Vulnerability of populations under extreme scenarios

Abstract

This project will evaluate the impact of past climate change on mountain ecosystems and their genetic diversity from around the world, and forecast potential impacts of future climate change. Employing primarily existing fossil records from Morocco, Cameroon, South Africa, China, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, VULPES will carry out a multi-disciplinary integration of quantified climate variables from fossil records, ancient and modem DNA (aDNA and mDNA), vegetation modeling agent-based modeling and statistics. Our goal is to answer the overall question: "Are microrefugia the key to ecosystem sustainability in montane ecosystems under projected climate change?". This project will consider variability in mountain ecosystems across the last 21,000 years; a period of extreme natural climate change (e.g. transition from the last glacial period) and the more recent, increasing impact of humans. VULPES will evaluate the migration capacity of species, their potential in situ adaptation/response, ecosystem tumover through time, the tipping points that could lead to population extinctions, the rate of change and, ultimately, define a vulnerability index/threshold. This investigation will determine a global perspective on the effect of different climate types and changes on montane ecosystems encompassing semi-arid, tropical and temperate humid zones. Also included will be socio-ecological analyses regarding land use, a key to establishing future food security. Combined, our assessments will enable optimized conservation policies for ecosystems, species and genetic resources. This product will be a valuable tool allowing local stakeholders to establish appropriate management strategies for the mitigation of climate and land use impacts on mountain ecosystems. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
JOU, RENATA M.; MACARIO, KITA D.; PESSENDA, LUIZ C.; PEREIRA, MARCOS GERVASIO; LORENTE, FLAVIO L.; PEDROSA, RENAN; DA SILVA NETO, EDUARDO CARVALHO; FALLON, STEWART; MUNIZ, MARCELO C.; CARDOSO, RENAN P.; FELIZARDO, JOAO P. S.; DOS ANJOS, ROBERTO M. The use of carbon isotopes (C-13,C-14) in different soil types and vegetation coverage in a montane atlantic forest region, Southeast Brazil. QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY, v. 61, FEB 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PINAYA, JORGE L. D.; CRUZ, FRANCISCO W.; CECCANTINI, GREGORIO C. T.; CORREA, PEDRO L. P.; PITMAN, NIGEL; VEMADO, FELIPE; LOPEZ, MARIA DEL C. ARMEN S.; PEREIRA FILHO, AUGUSTO J.; GROHMANN, CARLOS H.; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; STRIKIS, NICOLAS M.; HORAK-TERRA, INGRID; PINAYA, WALTER H. L.; DE MEDEIROS, VANDA B.; SANTOS, RUDNEY DE A.; AKABANE, THOMAS K.; SILVA, MAICON A.; CHEDDADI, RACHID; BUSH, MARK; HENROT, ALEXANDRA-JANE; FRANCOIS, LOUIS; HAMBUCKERS, ALAIN; BOYER, FREDERIC; CARRE, MATTHIEU; COISSAC, ERIC; FICETOLA, FRANCESCO; HUANG, KANGYOU; LEZINE, ANNE-MARIE; NOURELBAIT, MAJDA; RHOUJJATI, ALI; TABERLET, PIERRE; SARMIENTO, FAUSTO; ABEL-SCHAAD, DANIEL; ALBA-SANCHEZ, FRANCISCA; ZHENG, ZHUO; DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO E. Brazilian montane rainforest expansion induced by Heinrich Stadial 1 event. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, NOV 29 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO E.; RACZKA, MARCO; MCMICHAEL, CRYSTAL N. H.; PINAYA, JORGE L. D.; BUSH, MARK B. Climate change and biogeographic connectivity across the Brazilian cerrado. Journal of Biogeography, v. 47, n. 2 NOV 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.